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  1. Research

    Trends, causes, and risk factors of mortality among children under 5 in Ethiopia, 1990–2013: findings from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013

    Ethiopia has made remarkable progress in reducing child mortality over the last two decades. However, the under-5 mortality rate in Ethiopia is still higher than the under-5 mortality rates of several low- and...

    Amare Deribew, Gizachew Assefa Tessema, Kebede Deribe, Yohannes Adama Melaku, Yihunie Lakew, Azmeraw T. Amare, Semaw F. Abera, Mesoud Mohammed, Abiy Hiruye, Efrem Teklay, Awoke Misganaw and Nicholas Kassebaum

    Population Health Metrics 2016 14:42

    Published on: 14 November 2016

  2. Research

    Alzheimer’s and other dementias in Canada, 2011 to 2031: a microsimulation Population Health Modeling (POHEM) study of projected prevalence, health burden, health services, and caregiving use

    Worldwide, there is concern that increases in the prevalence of dementia will result in large demands for caregivers and supportive services that will be challenging to address. Previous dementia projections h...

    Douglas G. Manuel, Rochelle Garner, Philippe Finès, Christina Bancej, William Flanagan, Karen Tu, Kim Reimer, Larry W. Chambers and Julie Bernier

    Population Health Metrics 2016 14:37

    Published on: 3 November 2016

  3. Research

    Oral/dental items in the resident assessment instrument – minimum Data Set 2.0 lack validity: results of a retrospective, longitudinal validation study

    Oral health in nursing home residents is poor. Robust, mandated assessment tools such as the Resident Assessment Instrument – Minimum Data Set (RAI-MDS) 2.0 are key to monitoring and improving quality of oral ...

    Matthias Hoben, Jeffrey W. Poss, Peter G. Norton and Carole A. Estabrooks

    Population Health Metrics 2016 14:36

    Published on: 21 October 2016

  4. Research

    What is the optimal recall period for verbal autopsies? Validation study based on repeat interviews in three populations

    One key contextual feature in Verbal Autopsy (VA) is the time between death and survey administration, or recall period. This study quantified the effect of recall period on VA performance by using a paired da...

    Peter Serina, Ian Riley, Bernardo Hernandez, Abraham D. Flaxman, Devarsetty Praveen, Veronica Tallo, Rohina Joshi, Diozele Sanvictores, Andrea Stewart, Meghan D. Mooney, Christopher J. L. Murray and Alan D. Lopez

    Population Health Metrics 2016 14:40

    Published on: 18 October 2016

  5. Research

    The paradox of verbal autopsy in cause of death assignment: symptom question unreliability but predictive accuracy

    We believe that it is important that governments understand the reliability of the mortality data which they have at their disposable to guide policy debates. In many instances, verbal autopsy (VA) will be the...

    Peter Serina, Ian Riley, Bernardo Hernandez, Abraham D. Flaxman, Devarsetty Praveen, Veronica Tallo, Rohina Joshi, Diozele Sanvictores, Andrea Stewart, Meghan D. Mooney, Christopher J. L. Murray and Alan D. Lopez

    Population Health Metrics 2016 14:41

    Published on: 18 October 2016

  6. Research

    Dynamic denominators: the impact of seasonally varying population numbers on disease incidence estimates

    Reliable health metrics are crucial for accurately assessing disease burden and planning interventions. Many health indicators are measured through passive surveillance systems and are reliant on accurate esti...

    Elisabeth zu Erbach-Schoenberg, Victor A. Alegana, Alessandro Sorichetta, Catherine Linard, Christoper Lourenço, Nick W. Ruktanonchai, Bonita Graupe, Tomas J. Bird, Carla Pezzulo, Amy Wesolowski and Andrew J. Tatem

    Population Health Metrics 2016 14:35

    Published on: 12 October 2016

  7. Research

    The use of a lot quality assurance sampling methodology to assess and manage primary health interventions in conflict-affected West Darfur, Sudan

    Organizations working in conflict-affected areas have a need to monitor and evaluate their programs, however this is often difficult due to the logistical challenges of conflict areas. Lot quality assurance sa...

    Kiemanh Pham, Emily Chambers Sharpe, William M. Weiss and Alexander Vu

    Population Health Metrics 2016 14:34

    Published on: 6 October 2016

  8. Research

    Ethnic differences in prevalence and risk factors for hypertension in the Suriname Health Study: a cross sectional population study

    Limited information is available about the prevalence, ethnic disparities, and risk factors of hypertension within developing countries. We used data from a nationwide study on non-communicable disease (NCD) r...

    Ingrid S. K. Krishnadath, Vincent W. V. Jaddoe, Lenny M. Nahar-van Venrooij and Jerry R. Toelsie

    Population Health Metrics 2016 14:33

    Published on: 17 September 2016

  9. Research

    A feasibility study on using smartphones to conduct short-version verbal autopsies in rural China

    Currently there are two main sources of mortality data with cause of death assignments in China. Both sources–the Ministry of Health-Vital Registration system and the Chinese Disease Surveillance Point system–...

    Jing Zhang, Rohina Joshi, Jixin Sun, Samantha R. Rosenthal, Miao Tong, Cong Li, Rasika Rampatige, Meghan Mooney, Alan Lopez and Lijing L. Yan

    Population Health Metrics 2016 14:31

    Published on: 20 August 2016

  10. Research

    Disparities in length of life across developed countries: measuring and decomposing changes over time within and between country groups

    Over the past half century the global tendency for improvements in longevity has been uneven across countries. This has resulted in widening of inter-country disparities in life expectancy. Moreover, the patte...

    Sergey Timonin, Vladimir M. Shkolnikov, Domantas Jasilionis, Pavel Grigoriev, Dmitry A. Jdanov and David A. Leon

    Population Health Metrics 2016 14:29

    Published on: 11 August 2016

  11. Research

    Current tobacco use and its associated factors among adults in a country with comprehensive ban on tobacco: findings from the nationally representative STEPS survey, Bhutan, 2014

    Despite a comprehensive ban on cultivation, manufacture, distribution, and sale of tobacco products since 2004, two nationwide surveys conducted in 2012 and 2013 reported high tobacco use in Bhutan. National H...

    Mongal Singh Gurung, Dorji Pelzom, Tandin Dorji, Wangchuk Drukpa, Chador Wangdi, Palanivel Chinnakali and Sonu Goel

    Population Health Metrics 2016 14:28

    Published on: 8 August 2016

  12. Research

    Rapid assessment of disability in the Philippines: understanding prevalence, well-being, and access to the community for people with disabilities to inform the W-DARE project

    International recognition that people with disabilities were excluded from the Millennium Development Goals has led to better inclusion of people with disabilities in the recently agreed Global Goals for Susta...

    Manjula Marella, Alexandra Devine, Graeme Ferdinand Armecin, Jerome Zayas, Ma Jesusa Marco and Cathy Vaughan

    Population Health Metrics 2016 14:26

    Published on: 2 August 2016

  13. Research

    Estimating average alcohol consumption in the population using multiple sources: the case of Spain

    National estimates on per capita alcohol consumption are provided regularly by various sources and may have validity problems, so corrections are needed for monitoring and assessment purposes. Our objectives w...

    Luis Sordo, Gregorio Barrio, María J. Bravo, Joan R. Villalbí, Albert Espelt, Montserrat Neira and Enrique Regidor

    Population Health Metrics 2016 14:21

    Published on: 2 June 2016

  14. Research

    Changes in life expectancy 1950–2010: contributions from age- and disease-specific mortality in selected countries

    Changes of life expectancy over time serve as an interesting public health indicator for medical, social and economic developments within populations. The aim of this study was to quantify changes of life expe...

    Jochen Klenk, Ulrich Keil, Andrea Jaensch, Marcus C. Christiansen and Gabriele Nagel

    Population Health Metrics 2016 14:20

    Published on: 23 May 2016

  15. Research

    Development of a metric for tracking and comparing population health based on the minimal generic set of domains of functioning and health

    The following minimal set of valid health domains for tracking the health of both clinical and general populations has recently been proposed: 1) energy and drive functions, 2) emotional functions, 3) sensatio...

    Cornelia Oberhauser, Somnath Chatterji, Carla Sabariego and Alarcos Cieza

    Population Health Metrics 2016 14:19

    Published on: 12 May 2016

  16. Research

    Mental health and urban living in sub-Saharan Africa: major depressive episodes among the urban poor in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

    In sub-Saharan African cities, the epidemiological transition has shifted a greater proportion of the burden of non-communicable diseases, including mental and behavioral disorder, to the adult population. The...

    Géraldine Duthé, Clémentine Rossier, Doris Bonnet, Abdramane Bassiahi Soura and Jamaica Corker

    Population Health Metrics 2016 14:18

    Published on: 5 May 2016

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