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  1. Research

    Impact of rural family physician program on child mortality rates in Iran: a time-series study

    The rural family physician program and social protection scheme were started in Iran about 10 years ago, and no comprehensive study has been carried out to investigate the effects of this program on mortality-...

    Shohreh Naderimagham, Hamidreza Jamshidi, Alireza Khajavi, Farhad Pishgar, Ali Ardam, Bagher Larijani, Zohreh Mahmoudi, Alireza Jeddian, Hamid Reza Bahrami-Taghanaki and Farshad Farzadfar

    Population Health Metrics 2017 15:21

    Published on: 2 June 2017

  2. Research

    Quantifying the global contribution of alcohol consumption to cardiomyopathy

    The global impact of alcohol consumption on deaths due to cardiomyopathy (CM) has not been quantified to date, even though CM contains a subcategory for alcoholic CM with an effect of heavy drinking over time ...

    Jakob Manthey, Sameer Imtiaz, Maria Neufeld, Margaret Rylett and Jürgen Rehm

    Population Health Metrics 2017 15:20

    Published on: 25 May 2017

  3. Research

    Multiple cause-of-death data among people with AIDS in Italy: a nationwide cross-sectional study

    Multiple cause-of-death (MCOD) data allow analyzing the contribution to mortality of conditions reported on the death certificate that are not selected as the underlying cause of death. Using MCOD data, this s...

    Enrico Grande, Antonella Zucchetto, Barbara Suligoi, Francesco Grippo, Marilena Pappagallo, Saverio Virdone, Laura Camoni, Martina Taborelli, Vincenza Regine, Diego Serraino and Luisa Frova

    Population Health Metrics 2017 15:19

    Published on: 18 May 2017

  4. Research

    Evolution of the “fourth stage” of epidemiologic transition in people aged 80 years and over: population-based cohort study using electronic health records

    In the “fourth stage” of epidemiological transition, the distribution of non-communicable diseases is expected to shift to more advanced ages, but age-specific changes beyond 80 years of age have not been repo...

    Nisha C. Hazra and Martin Gulliford

    Population Health Metrics 2017 15:18

    Published on: 12 May 2017

  5. Research

    Adult mortality of diseases and injuries attributable to selected metabolic, lifestyle, environmental, and infectious risk factors in Taiwan: a comparative risk assessment

    To facilitate priority-setting in health policymaking, we compiled the best available information to estimate the adult mortality (>30 years) burden attributable to 13 metabolic, lifestyle, infectious, and env...

    Wei-Cheng Lo, Chu-Chang Ku, Shu-Ti Chiou, Chang-Chuan Chan, Chi‐Ling Chen, Mei-Shu Lai and Hsien-Ho Lin

    Population Health Metrics 2017 15:17

    Published on: 3 May 2017

  6. Research

    Changing ethnic inequalities in mortality in New Zealand over 30 years: linked cohort studies with 68.9 million person-years of follow-up

    Internationally, ethnic inequalities in mortality within countries are increasingly recognized as a public health concern. But few countries have data to monitor such inequalities. We aimed to provide a detail...

    George Disney, Andrea Teng, June Atkinson, Nick Wilson and Tony Blakely

    Population Health Metrics 2017 15:15

    Published on: 26 April 2017

  7. Research

    Estimating incidence and prevalence rates of chronic diseases using disease modeling

    Morbidity estimates between different GP registration networks show large, unexplained variations. This research explores the potential of modeling differences between networks in distinguishing new (incident)...

    Hendrike C. Boshuizen, Marinus J. J. C. Poos, Marjan van den Akker, Kees van Boven, Joke C. Korevaar, Margot W. M. de Waal, Marion C. J. Biermans and Nancy Hoeymans

    Population Health Metrics 2017 15:13

    Published on: 5 April 2017

  8. Research

    Prevalence and risk factors for anemia severity and type in Malawian men and women: urban and rural differences

    The global burden of anemia is large especially in sub-Saharan Africa, where HIV is common and lifestyles are changing rapidly with urbanization. The effects of these changes are unknown. Studies of anemia usu...

    Aishatu L. Adamu, Amelia Crampin, Ndoliwe Kayuni, Alemayehu Amberbir, Olivier Koole, Amos Phiri, Moffat Nyirenda and Paul Fine

    Population Health Metrics 2017 15:12

    Published on: 29 March 2017

  9. Review

    Assessment of pre-injury health-related quality of life: a systematic review

    Insight into the change from pre- to post-injury health-related quality of life (HRQL) of trauma patients is important to derive estimates of the impact of injury on HRQL. Prospectively collected pre-injury HR...

    Annemieke C. Scholten, Juanita A. Haagsma, Ewout W. Steyerberg, Ed F. van Beeck and Suzanne Polinder

    Population Health Metrics 2017 15:10

    Published on: 14 March 2017

  10. Research

    The share of ultra-processed foods and the overall nutritional quality of diets in the US: evidence from a nationally representative cross-sectional study

    Recent population dietary studies indicate that diets rich in ultra-processed foods, increasingly frequent worldwide, are grossly nutritionally unbalanced, suggesting that the dietary contribution of these foo...

    Euridice Martínez Steele, Barry M. Popkin, Boyd Swinburn and Carlos A. Monteiro

    Population Health Metrics 2017 15:6

    Published on: 14 February 2017

  11. Review

    Does alcohol use have a causal effect on HIV incidence and disease progression? A review of the literature and a modeling strategy for quantifying the effect

    In the first part of this review, the nature of the associations between alcohol use and HIV/AIDS is discussed. Alcohol use has been found to be strongly associated with incidence and progression of HIV/AIDS, ...

    Jürgen Rehm, Charlotte Probst, Kevin D. Shield and Paul A. Shuper

    Population Health Metrics 2017 15:4

    Published on: 10 February 2017

  12. Research

    Development and validation of an early childhood development scale for use in low-resourced settings

    Low-cost, cross-culturally comparable measures of the motor, cognitive, and socioemotional skills of children under 3 years remain scarce. In the present paper, we aim to develop a new caregiver-reported early...

    Dana Charles McCoy, Christopher R. Sudfeld, David C. Bellinger, Alfa Muhihi, Geofrey Ashery, Taylor E. Weary, Wafaie Fawzi and Günther Fink

    Population Health Metrics 2017 15:3

    Published on: 9 February 2017

  13. Research

    Methodological choices affect cancer incidence rates: a cohort study

    Incidence rates are fundamental to epidemiology, but their magnitude and interpretation depend on methodological choices. We aimed to examine the extent to which the definition of the study population affects ...

    Hannah L. Brooke, Mats Talbäck, Maria Feychting and Rickard Ljung

    Population Health Metrics 2017 15:2

    Published on: 19 January 2017

  14. Research

    Different survival analysis methods for measuring long-term outcomes of Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australian cancer patients in the presence and absence of competing risks

    Net survival is the most common measure of cancer prognosis and has been used to study differentials in cancer survival between ethnic or racial population subgroups. However, net survival ignores competing ri...

    Vincent Y. F. He, John R. Condon, Peter D. Baade, Xiaohua Zhang and Yuejen Zhao

    Population Health Metrics 2017 15:1

    Published on: 17 January 2017

  15. Research

    Using multi-year national survey cohorts for period estimates: an application of weighted discrete Poisson regression for assessing annual national mortality in US adults with and without diabetes, 2000–2006

    Monitoring national mortality among persons with a disease is important to guide and evaluate progress in disease control and prevention. However, a method to estimate nationally representative annual mortalit...

    Yiling J. Cheng, Edward W. Gregg, Deborah B. Rolka and Theodore J. Thompson

    Population Health Metrics 2016 14:48

    Published on: 15 December 2016

  16. Research

    A new parametric model to assess delay and compression of mortality

    A decrease in mortality across all ages causes a shift of the age pattern of mortality, or mortality delay, while differences in the rate of decrease across ages cause a change in the shape of the age-at-death...

    Joop de Beer and Fanny Janssen

    Population Health Metrics 2016 14:46

    Published on: 1 December 2016

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