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Table 1 Study characteristics of included studies

From: Systematic review of general burden of disease studies using disability-adjusted life years

Author, Year (reference no.) Country1 WHO region Data sources mortality Data sources morbidity
Begg, 2008[13] Australia WPRO Australian death registry from Australian Bureau of Statistics Disease registers, cohort and intervention studies and surveys
Bowie, 1997[22] South and West region, England EURO 1992 Office of Population Censuses and Surveys age-specific mortality data World bank study
Bradshaw, 2003[14] South Africa AFRO 1) Statistics South Africa, 2) Population Register, 3) National Injury Mortality Surveillance Study, 4) For children: 1996 census and the 1998 Demographic and Health Survey The South African Birth Defects Surveillance System
Bundhamchareon, 2002[16] Thailand SEARO Survey of Population Change Disease registers, routine databases or epidemiological studies
Chapman, 2006[41] Zimbabwe AFRO Vital Registration System and number of deaths for 1997 taken from a nationwide census Local disease registers, surveys and routine health service data supplemented by estimates from epidemiological studies from other settings
Dodhia, 2008[50] London, England EURO Local mortality data The GBD estimates from World Health Organization were used
Hyder, 2000[40] Pakistan EMRO Pakistan Demographic Survey of 1989, Pakistan Demographic and Health Survey 1990–1991, National Health Survey of Pakistan 1989–1994 More than 180 national and local data sources were reviewed to obtain information on diseases in Pakistan
Innove Solutions, 1998[51] West Pennine, England EURO National mortality data from Public Health Department West Pennine Health Authority morbidity data
Jankovic, 2007[52] Serbia and Serbia Montenegro EURO Serbian Office of Statistics mortality database Disease registers, routine databases, and epidemiological studies
Laaser, 2007[38] Syria EMRO National mortality register, analysis of the WHO life table of Syria and mortality sentinel surveillance National databases
Lai, 2009[27] Estonia EURO Vital registration of Statistics Estonia Estonian Health Insurance Fund database
Lopez, 2006[9] Global Global Death registrations, population-based epidemiological studies, disease registers, and notification systems. Disease registers, epidemiological studies, health surveys, and health facility data
Mathers, 2001[28] Australia WPRO Australian death registry from Australian Bureau of Statistics Disease registers and epidemiological studies
Melse, 2000[21] Netherlands   Dutch death registration General practitioner registrations, national registries, and population surveys
Michaud, 2006[35] United States AMRO Mortality File from the National Center for Health Statistics 1996 National health surveys, the National Hospital Discharge Database, disease registers, and epidemiological studies
Murray, 1997[10] Global 21 regions in the world Death registration systems, sample death registration systems, epidemiological assessments, cause of death models Disease registers, population surveys, epidemiological studies, health facility data
Naghavi, 2009[31] Iran EMRO data from the national death registry of Health Ministry ME Disease surveillance systems, hospital disease registries, representative national surveys, subnational and local studies.
Phua, 2009[39] Singapore, Malaysia WPRO Registry of Births and Deaths National disease registers and surveillance or notification systems, national health surveys, health services utilization data
Pike, 2002[30] Queensland, Australia WPRO Australian death registry from Australian Bureau of Statistics Australian BoD YLD data
SA Department of Health Australia, 2005[12] South Australia WPRO Australian death registry from Australian Bureau of Statistics Disease registers and epidemiological studies
Somerford, 2004[29] Western Australia WPRO Australian death registry from Australian Bureau of Statistics Australian BoD YLD data
Stevens, 2008[26] Mexico AMRO National Mortality statistics Vital statistics, national censuses, health examination surveys, and published epidemiological studies
Tobias, 2001[20] New Zealand WPRO New Zealand Health Information Service mortality Disease registers, population surveys, hospital discharge register
Ünüvar, 2004[15] Turkey EURO Death statistics obtained from provincial and town centers in Turkey, hospital records and Directorate General of Security data Population Census, Records obtained from government agencies, National surveys, national and international reports and articles
Victorian BOD, 2005[19] Victoria, Australia WPRO Australian death registry from Australian Bureau of Statistics Disease registers, routine databases and population health surveys
World Health Organization, 2008[8] Global 21 regions in the world Death registration systems, sample death registration systems, epidemiological assessments, cause of death models Disease registers, population surveys, epidemiological studies, health facility data
World Health Organization, 2009[11] Global 21 regions in the world Death registration systems, sample death registration systems, epidemiological assessments, cause of death models Disease registers, population surveys, epidemiological studies, health facility data
Yoon, 2007[24] Korea SEARO The Korean National Health Insurance system Large normative cohort
Yusoff, 2004[17] Malaysia WPRO Malaysian mortality data of the Department of Statistics subdivided in four regions Disease registries, routine databases and epidemiological studies
Zhao, 2004[18] Northern Territory, Australia WPRO Australian death registry from Australian Bureau of Statistics Disease registers, population surveys, expert opinions
Zhou, 2011[36] Yunnan Province, China WPRO Medical death certificate information from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Indirect method: YLD/YLL ratio for China taken from the WHO World Health Report 2002
  1. 1 Country / region and country of the study population.