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Table 3 Final models exploring the relationship between food access insecurity score and two measures of growth faltering, controlling for indicators of SES

From: Household food access and child malnutrition: results from the eight-country MAL-ED study

  Height-for-age Weight-for-height
  Full model Final model Full model Final model
Intercept (Tanzania as reference) −1.96 (<0.001) −2.20 (<0.001) 0.71 (0.003) 0.51 (0.007)
Bangladesh −0.09 (0.73) −0.14 (0.53) −1.02 (<0.001) −1.04 (<0.001)
Brazil 1.57 (<0.001) 1.52 (<0.001) 0.56 (0.02) 0.55 (<0.001)
Peru 0.16 (0.50) 0.14 (0.51) 0.30 (0.19) 0.27 0.09)
India 0.50 (0.03) 0.48 (0.03) −1.26 (<0.001) −1.37 (<0.001)
Pakistan 0.18 (0.48) 0.14 (0.56) −0.97 (<0.001) −1.07 (<0.001)
Nepal 0.18 (0.47) 0.12 (0.55) 0.33 (0.17) 0.28 (0.06)
South Africa −0.10 (0.68) −0.16 (0.40) 0.88 (<0.001) 0.85 (<0.001)
Food access insecurity score (effect per unit score) −0.020 (0.009) −0.020 (0.008) 0.011 (0.13) 0.010 (0.13)
Age −0.005 (0.24)   −0.01 (0.005) −0.01 (0.004)
Sex −0.03 (0.71)   −0.08 (0.30)  
Water Source 0.38 (0.03) 0.37 (0.03) −0.16 (0.33)  
Sanitation Facility −0.03 (0.81)   0.12 (0.35)  
Maternal education (years) 0.02 (0.06) 0.02 (0.06) −0.005 (0.69)  
Bank account −0.06 (0.57)   −0.05 (0.62)  
People per room −0.06 (0.03) −0.06 (0.03) −0.02 (0.53)  
Adjusted R2 20.3% 20.6% 35.1% 35.2%
  1. Rows contain effect estimates and p-values in parentheses.
  2. Dichotomous variables measuring access to improved facilities based on WHO standards.