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Table 1 Years difference in life expectancy (LE) and health-adjusted life expectancy (HALE) between females and males with and without diabetes (DM) for selected ages, Canada, 2004 -2006 1

From: Impact of diabetes mellitus on life expectancy and health-adjusted life expectancy in Canada

  LE(F)-LE(M) HALE(F)-HALE(M)
At birth   
Without DM 4.8* 2.4*
With DM 4.0* 2.1
At age 20   
Without DM 4.7* 2.2*
With DM 4.3* 1.7
At age 55   
Without DM 4.0* 1.9*
With DM 3.0* 1.4**
At age 80   
Without DM 2.3* 1.0*
With DM 1.6** 1.5**
  1. * Statistically significant (p-value <0.0001).
  2. ** Statistically significant (p-value <0.05).
  3. 1 Dataset for this study excluded Quebec, Nunavut, and Northwest Territories.