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Table 3 Sources of freely available spatial demographic data

From: Mapping populations at risk: improving spatial demographic data for infectious disease modeling and metric derivation

Data (standard survey name)/source Time intervals Typical spatial coverage Typical strata Relevant variables
Census     
National Statistical Offices Typically 10 years Census enumerator area or courser level Urban/rural, race or ethnic groups (often) Sex, age, education, migration status, household and dwelling characteristics
Census Microdata     
https://international.ipums.org/international/ Typically 10 years Admin 1-3 Urban/rural Household and dwelling characteristics, sex, age, education, migration status, children ever born, children surviving
DHS (Demographic and Health Survey)     
Household, women 15–49, men 15–59, children born in the last five years     
http://www.measuredhs.com/ Varies by country, typically every 5 years National, Admin 1/region, GPS coordinates of cluster locations for most recent surveys (last 15 years) Urban/rural Household and dwelling characteristics, sex, age, education, maternal and child health, fertility and full birth history, family planning, domestic violence, biomarkers, nutrition
MICS (Multi-indicator cluster survey)     
http://www.unicef.org/statistics/index_24302.html UNICEF (Round 2, 1999–2001; round 3 2005–2007; round 4 is in the field 2009–present) National, Admin 1 Urban/rural Household and dwelling characteristics, sex, age, education, status, maternal and child health, child labor, domestic violence, summary birth history, anthropometry
LSMS (Living Standard Measure Survey)     
(Integrated Household Budget Survey and many others that are locally adapted)     
http://iresearch.worldbank.org/lsms/lsmssurveyFinder.htm Irregular National, Admin 1, some GPS coordinates Urban/rural Household and dwelling characteristics, sex, age, education, migration status,consumption, expenditures, income, nutrition,anthropometry, summary birth history
MIS (Malaria Indicator Survey)     
http://www.measuredhs.com/     
http://www.malariasurveys.org/ Varies by country, typically every 3 years National, Admin 1/region, GPS coordinates of cluster locations for some surveys (last five years) Urban/rural Household and dwelling characteristics, sex, age, education, biomarkers
AIS (AIDS Indicator Survey)     
http://www.measuredhs.com/ Varies by country, typically every 3 years National, Admin 1/region, GPS coordinates of cluster locations for some surveys (last eight years) Urban/rural Household and dwelling characteristics, sex, age, education, biomarkers
DHS (Demographic and Health Survey)     
Household, women 15–49, men 15–59, children born in the last five years     
http://www.measuredhs.com/ Varies by country, typically every 5 years National, Admin 1/region, GPS coordinates of cluster locations for most recent surveys (last 15 years) Urban/rural Household and dwelling characteristics, sex, age, education, maternal and child health, fertility and full birth history, family planning, domestic violence, biomarkers, nutrition
MICS (Multi-indicator cluster survey)     
http://www.unicef.org/statistics/index_24302.html UNICEF (Round 2, 1999–2001; round 3 2005–2007; round 4 is in the field 2009-present) National, Admin 1 Urban/rural Household and dwelling characteristics, sex, age, education, status, maternal and child health, child labor, domestic violence, summary birth history, anthropometry
LSMS (Living Standard Measure Survey)     
(Integrated Household Budget Survey and many others that are locally adapted)     
http://iresearch.worldbank.org/lsms/lsmssurveyFinder.htm Irregular National, Admin 1, some GPS coordinates Urban/rural Household and dwelling characteristics, sex, age, education, migration status, consumption, expenditures, income, nutrition, anthropometry, summary birth history
MIS (Malaria Indicator Survey)     
http://www.measuredhs.com/     
http://www.malariasurveys.org/ Varies by country, typically every 3 years National, Admin 1/region, GPS coordinates of cluster locations for some surveys (last five years) Urban/rural Household and dwelling characteristics, sex, age, education, biomarkers
AIS (AIDS Indicator Survey)     
http://www.measuredhs.com/ Varies by country, typically every 3 years National, Admin 1/region, GPS coordinates of cluster locations for some surveys (last eight years) Urban/rural Household and dwelling characteristics, sex, age, education, biomarkers