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Table 1 Cohort characteristics of suicides and undetermined intents, 1987–2011, percentage with 95% CI, by sex

From: Suicide or undetermined intent? A register-based study of signs of misclassification

  Women Men Total
Suicide Undetermined Suicide Undetermined Suicide Undetermined
Marital status 9 381 2 909 22 502 6 287 31 883 9 196
Married 27.0 (26.1-27.9) 24.3 (22.8-25.9) 30.2 (29.6-30.8) 16.2 (15.3-17.1) 29.3 (28.8-29.8) 18.8 (18.0-19.6)
Divorced 24.5 (23.6-25.4) 31.7 (30.0-33.4) 17.9 (17.4-18.4) 25.8 (24.7-26.9) 19.9 (19.4-20.3) 27.7 (26.7-28.6)
Unmarried 32.6 (31.7-33.6) 28.9 (27.3-30.6) 44.2 (43.6-44.9) 53.3 (52.0-54.5) 40.8 (40.3-41.3) 45.6 (44.6-46.6)
Widowed 15.8 (15.1-16.5) 15.1 (13.8-16.4) 7.3 (6.9-7.6) 4.6 (4.1-5.2) 9.8 (9.5-10.1) 7.9 (7.4-8.5)
Born outside Sweden 9 381 2 909 22 502 6 287 31 883 9 196
Yes 14.4 (13.7-15.1) 15.4 (14.1-16.7) 11.1 (10.7-11.5) 15.1 (14.3-16.0) 12.1 (11.7-12.4) 15.2 (14.5-16.0)
No 85.6 (84.9-86.3) 84.6 (83.3-85.9) 88.9 (88.5-89.3) 84.9 (84.0-85.7) 87.9 (87.6-88.3) 84.8 (84.0-85.5)
Education* 4 543 1 283 11 304 2 752 15 847 4 035
−9 years 34.5 (33.1-35.9) 39.4 (36.8-42.1) 39.9 (39.0-40.8) 41.4 (39.5-43.2) 38.4 (37.6-39.1) 40.7 (39.2-42.3)
9-12 years 43.4 (42.0-44.9) 43.7 (41.0-46.4) 44.3 (43.4-45.2) 47.5 (45.6-49.3) 44.0 (43.3-44.8) 46.3 (44.8-47.8)
>12 years 22.1 (20.9-23.3) 16.8 (14.8-18.9) 15.8 (15.1-16.5) 11.2 (10.0-12.3) 17.6 (17.0-18.2) 13.0 (11.9-14.0)
Hospitalization self-inflicted harm** 6 797 2 014 16 368 4 397 23 165 6 411
1 year 11.2 (10.5-11.9) 5.9 (4.9-6.9) 5.1 (4.8-5.4) 3.9 (3.3-4.5) 6.9 (6.6-7.2) 4.5 (4.0-5.0)
3 years 18.1 (17.2-19.0) 11 (9.6-12.4) 8.2 (7.8-8.6) 7.1 (6.3-7.9) 11.1 (10.7-11.5) 8.3 (7.6-9.0)
5 years 21.1 (20.1-22.1) 14.3 (12.8-15.8) 9.6 (9.1-10.1) 9.2 (8.3-10.1) 13.0 (12.6-13.4) 10.8 (10–11.6)
None 49.6 (48.4-50.8) 68.9 (66.9-70.9) 77.2 (76.6-77.8) 79.8 (78.6-81) 69.1 (68.5-69.7) 76.4 (75.4-77.4)
Psychiatric hospitalization** 6 797 2 014 16 368 4 397 23 165 6 411
1 year 25.5 (24.5-26.5) 13.2 (11.7-14.7) 14.2 (13.7-14.7) 9.8 (8.9-10.7) 17.5 (17.0-18.0) 10.9 (10.1-11.7)
3 years 34.0 (32.9-35.1) 22.3 (20.5-24.1) 19.6 (19.0-20.2) 16.5 (15.4-17.6) 23.8 (23.3-24.3) 18.3 (17.4-19.2)
5 years 38.1 (36.9-39.3) 26.7 (24.8-28.6) 22.2 (21.6-22.8) 20.7 (19.5-21.9) 26.9 (26.3-27.5) 22.6 (21.6-23.6)
None 2.4 (2.0-2.8) 37.8 (35.7-39.9) 44.0 (43.2-44.8) 53.0 (51.5-54.5) 31.8 (31.2-32.4) 48.2 (47.0-49.4)
Hospitalization abuse** 6 797 2 014 16 368 4 397 23 165 6 411
1 year 4.5 (4.0-5.0) 10.5 (9.2-11.8) 5.5 (5.2-5.8) 15.6 (14.5-16.7) 5.2 (4.9-5.5) 14.0 (13.2-14.8)
3 years 7.3 (6.7-7.9) 16.8 (15.2-18.4) 8.4 (8.0-8.8) 25.1 (23.8-26.4) 8.1 (7.7-8.5) 22.5 (21.5-23.5)
5 years 8.8 (8.1-9.5) 20.7 (18.9-22.5) 10.0 (9.5-10.5) 30.0 (28.6-31.4) 9.6 (9.2-10.0) 27.1 (26.0-28.2)
None 79.4 (78.4-80.4) 52.0 (49.8-54.2) 76.1 (75.4-76.8) 29.3 (28.0-30.6) 77.1 (76.6-77.6) 36.4 (35.2-37.6)
  1. *Only available 1997-2010.
  2. **Both alcohol and other drugs.