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Table 1 NHANES descriptive statistics by diabetes population (% or $)

From: Detecting type 2 diabetes and prediabetes among asymptomatic adults in the United States: modeling American Diabetes Association versus US Preventive Services Task Force diabetes screening guidelines

Patient characteristics Normal glucose levels (n = 11,520) Undiagnosed prediabetes (n = 5,804) Diagnosed prediabetes (n = 676) Undiagnosed diabetes (n = 1,056) Diagnosed diabetes (n = 2,296)
Male 45 55 42 55 50
Age category      
 Age 18-34 47 17 11 5 4
 Age 35-44 18 15 15 12 7
 Age 45-54 13 19 18 16 16
 Age 55-64 9 18 21 21 26
 Age 65-74 6 15 20 23 28
 Age 75+ 7 15 16 24 19
Race and ethnicity      
 Non-Hispanic white 73 68 72 68 63
 Non-Hispanic black 10 12 11 11 16
 Non-Hispanic other 5 7 7 5 7
 Hispanic 12 13 9 15 13
Has been diagnosed with      
 Asthma 13 12 19 13 16
 Arthritis 17 30 46 37 49
 History of heart attack 2 5 8 8 12
 History of stroke 2 4 5 5 11
 History of cancer/malignancy 6 10 15 14 14
 High blood pressure 19 38 56 54 70
 High cholesterol 18 33 50 40 57
 Cardiovascular disease 3 8 13 14 22
Current smoker 21 21 16 20 17
Body weight status 41 25 20 17 17
 Normal 41 25 20 17 17
 Overweight 33 36 31 31 28
 Obese 26 39 50 52 55
Median annual family income (thousands of US$) 40 35 30 30 30
Has medical insurance 74 76 85 80 87
Insured through Medicaid 5 6 8 7 10
NHANES survey wave      
 Years 2003-4 28 17 9 14 21
 Years 2005-6 26 20 22 19 20
 Years 2007-8 22 31 33 34 30
 Years 2009-10 25 32 36 33 29
  1. Source: Analysis of 2003–2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Note: Body weight status is defined by body mass index (BMI): normal (BMI < 25), overweight (25 ≤ BMI < 30), and obese (30 ≤ BMI).