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Table 2 Odds ratios from NHANES regressions

From: Detecting type 2 diabetes and prediabetes among asymptomatic adults in the United States: modeling American Diabetes Association versus US Preventive Services Task Force diabetes screening guidelines

Effect Undiagnosed diabetes and total prediabetes Diagnosed prediabetesŧ Diagnosed diabetesŧ
Male 1.44* 0.80* 1.16*
Age 18–34 (comparison)    
 Age 35-44 1.93* 2.01* 2.09*
 Age 45-54 3.70* 2.04* 4.12*
 Age 55-64 5.52* 2.50* 5.46*
 Age 65-74 7.03* 2.43* 7.10*
 Age 75+ 8.89* 1.90* 5.79*
Non-Hispanic white (comparison)    
 Non-Hispanic black 1.61* 1.07 1.92*
 Non-Hispanic other 1.97* 1.63* 2.23
 Hispanic 1.61* 1.08 2.22*
Has been diagnosed with    
 Asthma 1.05 1.51* 1.10*
 Arthritis 1.02 1.45* 1.22*
 History of heart attack 1.00 1.47 1.11
 History of stroke 1.06 1.07 1.82*
 History of cancer/malignancy 1.03 1.19 1.07
 High blood pressure 1.36* 1.81* 2.15*
 High cholesterol 1.18* 1.56* 1.90*
 Cardiovascular disease 1.18* 1.14 1.87*
Current smoker 1.17* 0.72* 0.95
Overweight vs. normal weight 1.60* 1.30* 1.22*
Obese vs normal weight 2.96* 1.92* 2.79*
Annual family income (thousands of US$) 0.998* 0.998 0.994*
Has medical insurance 0.81* 1.16 1.22
Insured through Medicaid 1.17 1.11 1.24*
Survey Years 2003–4 (comparison)    
 Years 2005-6 1.42* 2.86* 0.99
 Years 2007-8 2.43* 3.39* 1.09
 Years 2009-10 2.20* 3.79* 1.04
Sample size 509/7,027/11,520 UDM/PDM/normal 676/18,380 PDM/non-diabetic 2,296/19,056 DDM/non-DDM
Model goodness-of-fit statistics    
 Percent concordant 76.2 76.1 83.0
 Percent discordant 23.5 22.5 16.6
 Percent tied 0.4 1.4 0.4
 Number of pairs matched 90,391,463 12,424,880 43,752,576
 Somers’ D 0.529 0.535 0.664
 c-statistic 0.764 0.768 0.832
  1. Source: Analysis of 2003–2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Notes: Body weight status is defined by body mass index (BMI): normal (BMI < 25), overweight (25 ≤ BMI < 30), and obese (30 ≤ BMI). Polytomous logistic regression. ŧ Usual logistic regression. * Odds ratio statistically different from 1.0 at the 0.05 level. DDM = diagnosed diabetes, UDM = undiagnosed diabetes, PDM = prediabetes.