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Table 2 Prevalence (%) of diabetes, hypertension and obesity by selected variables

From: The diabetes-obesity-hypertension nexus in Qatar: evidence from the World Health Survey

  Diabetes p values Hypertension p values BMI > 30 p values p values
Total 16.42   18.69   35.37  
Age   p = 0.000   p = 0.000   p = 0.341
20-29 8.95   9.77   27.91  
30-39 12.53   10.96   36.52  
40-49 20.00   23.79   40.19  
50-59 28.04   37.24   38.82  
>60 29.92   58.70   39.86  
Sex   p = 0.827   p = 0.000   p = 0.000
Male 16.19   24.41   32.45  
Female 16.47   13.43   38.13  
Marital status   p = 0.255   p = 0.696   p = 0.012
Married 16.71   18.79   36.42  
Not married 14.89   18.17   31.56  
Education level   p = 0.000   p = 0.000   p = 0.000
Less than secondary 19.41   27.39   39.42  
Secondary or above 14.60   15.72   33.78  
Smoker   p = 0.430   p = 0.039   p = 0.000
Yes 15.03   22.04   28.14  
No 16.53   18.18   36.54  
BMI   p = 0.000   p = 0.000   
<18.5 6.80   14.05    
18.5-24.99 12.50   11.09    
25-29.99 14.40   19.69    
>30 21.45   24.60    
Cholesterol   p = 0.000   p = 0.000   p = 0.000
High 22.96   31.70   43.09  
Normal and Low 15.20   16.98   12.10  
SBP   p = 0.000     p = 0.000
<120 10.47     27.20  
120-139 16.46     36.67  
140-159 24.69     44.42  
>160 36.05     49.34  
Income   p = 0.042   p = 0.399   p = 0.044
Poor 14.17   19.80   32.10  
Non poor 16.92   18.43   36.13  
Nationality   p = 0.009   p = 0.735   p = 0.000
Qatari 18.12   18.92   42.12  
non Qatari 14.77   18.49   29.09  
  1. BMI = Body Mass Index; SBP = Systolic Blood Pressure, p values reported for Chi squared test for comparing proportions.
  2. Diabetes - random blood sugar higher than 140 mg/dl; Hypertension - systolic blood pressure higher than 140 mmHg.
  3. BMI - individual’s body mass divided by the square of their height, in kg/m2.