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Table 3 Significant factors associated with objective measure of diabetes (i.e. respondents with random blood sugar levels higher than 140 mg/dl)

From: The diabetes-obesity-hypertension nexus in Qatar: evidence from the World Health Survey

  No diabetes Diabetes Crude OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR(95% CI)
n(%) n(%)   
Body Mass index     
Obese 890 (78.6) 243 (21.45) 1.7*** (1.5 - 2.2) 1.5*** (1.2 - 1.9)
(0.109) (0.112)
Societal status     
Poor 521 (85.83) 86 (14.1) - -
Non poor 2268 (83.1) 462 (16.9) 1.2** (1.0 - 1.6) 1.4** (1.0 - 1.9)
(0.127) (0.156)
SBP (mmHg)     
<120 975 (89.5) 114 (10.5) - -
120-139 1254 (83.5) 247 (16.5) 1.7 (1.3 - 2.1) 1.5*** (1.2 - 2.0)
(0.106) (0.134)
140-159 360 (75.3) 118 (24.7) 2.8*** (2.1 - 3.7) 2.2*** (1.6 - 3.1)
(0.134) (0.171)
>160 94 (63.9) 53 (36.1) 4.8*** (3.2 - 7.1) 3.2*** (2.0 - 5.3)
(0.203) (0.247)
Cholesterol     
High cholesterol 443 (77.0) 132 (22.9) 1.6*** (1.3 - 2.0) 1.4** (1.0 - 1.9)
(0.094) (0.133)
Normal and low cholesterol 2309 (84.8) 414 (15.2) - -
Nationality     
Qataris 1274 (81.9) 282 (18.1) 1.2** (1.0 - 1.5) 1.3** (1.0 - 1.7)
(0.093) (0.110)
Non Qataris 1515 (85.0) 266 (14.9) - -
  1. Objective measure of diabetes defined as a random blood sugar levels higher than 140 mg/dl. Total number of observations used for the logistic regression is 2981. In addition to the reported variables, the model controls for the following: level of education, gender, age (grouped in 5 ten-year groups), consumption of fruits and vegetables as well as exercise patterns. Odds ratios adjusted for all variables included in the model. ***significant at 1%, **significant at 5%. Standard errors are reported in the line below the respective coefficients.