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Table 3 Mortality, life expectancy and health-adjusted life expectancy (HALE) for people with and without diabetes mellitus (DM), Ontario, Canada, 1996–1997

From: Using linked data to calculate summary measures of population health: Health-adjusted life expectancy of people with Diabetes Mellitus

  Men (95% confidence interval) Women (95% confidence interval)
  Without DM With DM Rate Ratio Without DM With DM Rate Ratio
Population, 1997 5,365,891 232,553   5,513,006 216,658  
Deaths, all-cause (per year) 31,022 9,646   29,900 8,750  
Crude death Rate (per 100,000) 580 (572 – 585) 4,150 (4,065 – 4,231) 7.2 (6.6–7.9) 542 (536 – 548) 4,039 (3,954 – 4,123) 7.4 (6.8 – 8.1)
Age-adjusted death rate (per 100,000) 588 (582 – 595) 1,369 (1,299 – 1,438) 2.3 (2.1 – 2.6) 533 (527 – 539) 1,315 (1,272 – 1,357) 2.5 (2.3 – 2.8)
    Difference    Difference
Life expectancy at birth (years) 77.5 (77.4 – 77.6) 64.7 (63.0 – 66.4) 12.8 (11.1 – 14.5) 82.9 (82.9 – 83.0) 70.7 (69.9 – 71.5) 12.2 (11.4 – 13.0)
HALE at birth (years) 70.2 (70.2 – 70.5) 58.3 (56.3 – 60.3) 11.9 (9.9 – 13.9) 73.5 (73.2 – 73.7) 62.7 (61.4 – 64.1) 10.7 (9.3 – 12.1)
HALE/life expectancy ratio 0.91 0.90   0.89 0.89