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Table 5 The Average HALex, the Gini Coefficient by Race in 1990 and 1995

From: Assessment of the health of Americans: the average health-related quality of life and its inequality across individuals and groups

  1990 1995
Average HALex (95% CI)   
All 0.87 (0.87, 0.88) 0.87 (0.86, 0.87)
White 0.88 (0.88, 0.88) 0.87 (0.87, 0.87)
Black 0.845 (0.84, 0.85) 0.84 (0.84, 0.85)
Other 0.89 (0.88, 0.90) 0.88 (0.87, 0.89)
Average HALex difference (* p < 0.05)   
White – Black 0.03* 0.03*
Other – Black 0.04* 0.04*
Other – White 0.01 0.010
The Gini coefficient (95% CI)   
All 0.092 (0.091, 0.094) 0.097 (0.096, 0.099)
White 0.090 (0.089, 0.092) 0.095 (0.093, 0.098)
Black 0.109 (0.104, 0.115) 0.112 (0.109, 0.116)
Other 0.077 (0.072, 0.083) 0.085 (0.080, 0.092)
Decomposition of the Gini coefficient (Contribution, %)   
Overall 0.092 (100) 0.097 (100)
Between-group 0.004 (4.72) 0.004 (4.17)
Within-group 0.066 (71.47) 0.068 (69.69)
Overlap 0.022 (23.81) 0.025 (26.15)