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Table 28 Top twenty leading causes of Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALY), Years Lost to Disability (YLD), Years of Life Lost (YLL) and Deaths for Females – US 1996*

From: The burden of disease and injury in the United States 1996

  Cause DALY (%) YLD (%) YLL (%) Death (%)
1 Ischaemic heart disease 1,177 (7.7) 124 (1.6) 1,052(14.0) 249 (21.7)
2 Unipolar major depression 900 (5.9) 900 (11.7) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
3 Cerebrovascular disease 836 (5.5) 408 (5.3) 428 (5.7) 99 (8.6)
4 COPD 612 (4.0) 354 (4.6) 257 (3.4) 48 (4.1)
5 Lung trachea or bronchial cancer 550 (3.6) 26 (0.3) 523 (6.9) 66 (5.7)
6 Breast cancer 515 (3.4) 64 (0.8) 450 (6.0) 47 (4.1)
7 Osteoarthritis 508 (3.3) 506 (6.6) 1 (0.0) 1(0.0)
8 Dementia and other degenerative and hereditary CNS disorders 507 (3.3) 424 (5.5) 83 (1.1) 29 (2.5)
9 Diabetes mellitus 504 (3.3) 274 (3.6) 230 (3.1) 34 (3.0)
10 Road traffic accidents 459 (3.0) 134 (1.7) 326 (4.3) 15 (1.3)
11 Alcohol use 409 (2.7) 386 (5.0) 23 (0.3) 1 (0.1)
12 Asthma 362 (2.4) 320 (4.2) 42 (0.6) 4 (0.3)
13 Congenital abnormalities 352 (2.3) 205 (2.7) 147 (1.9) 6 (0.5)
14 Cancer colon or rectum 234 (1.5) 38 (0.5) 197 (2.6) 31 (2.7)
15 Conditions arising during the perinatal period 220 (1.4) 16 (0.2) 205 (2.7) 6 (0.5)
16 Lower respiratory infections 195 (1.3) 10 (0.1) 186 (2.5) 46 (4.0)
17 PTSD 194 (1.3) 194 (2.5) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
18 HIV/AIDS 193 (1.3) 49 (0.6) 144 (1.9) 6 (0.5)
19 Panic disorder 182 (1.2) 182 (2.4) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
20 Bipolar disorder 165 (1.1) 165 (2.1) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
Total number for each measure in the top 20 causes 9,074 (59.6) 4,779 (62.1) 4,294 (57.0) 688 (59.7)
Total number for each measure 15,230 (100) 7,693 (100) 7,537 (100) 1,151 (100)
  1. *All counts for DALYs, Deaths, YLDs, and YLLs are in 1000's