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Table 8 Ten leading causes of DALYs by age, US 1996

From: The burden of disease and injury in the United States 1996

Rank All ages DALYs % of total 0–4 DALYs % of total
  Total 33,090,212   Total 2,123,767  
1 Ischaemic heart disease 3,134,732 9.5 Congenital abnomalities 679,542 32.0
2 Cerebrovascular disease 1,510,287 4.6 Perinatal conditions 492,486 23.2
3 Motor vehicle accidents 1,393,278 4.2 Sudden infant death syndrome 102,255 4.8
4 Unipolar major depression 1,370,285 4.1 Asthma 77,323 3.6
5 Lung, trachea or bronchial cancer 1,362,712 4.1 Diarrhoeal diseases 60,438 2.8
6 COPD 1,253,491 3.8 Motor vehicle accidents 48,630 2.3
7 Alcohol use 1,141,193 3.4 Falls 41,289 1.9
8 HIV 956,418 2.9 Homicide and violence 35,055 1.7
9 Diabetes mellitus 946,291 2.9 Lower respiratory infections 30,640 1.4
10 Osteoarthritis 942,682 2.8 Fires 22,090 1.0
Rank 5–14 DALYs % of total 15–24 DALYs % of total
  Total 1,136,989   Total 3,884,235  
1 Asthma 236,494 20.8 Motor vehicle accidents 499,505 12.9
2 Motor vehicle accidents 128,357 11.3 Alcohol use 433,515 11.2
3 Unipolar major depression 61,622 5.4 Drug use 291,844 7.5
4 Epilepsy 42,461 3.7 Homicide and violence 282,746 7.3
5 Schizophrenia 41,254 3.6 Schizophrenia 237,967 6.1
6 Falls 39,886 3.5 Bipolar disorder 221,134 5.7
7 Homicide and violence 28,242 2.5 Unipolar major depression 197,309 5.1
8 Fires 19,514 1.7 Panic disorder 158,379 4.1
9 Congenital abnomalities 17,860 1.6 Asthma 157,997 4.1
10 Drowning 16,472 1.4 Self-inflicted 157,281 4.0
Rank 25–44 DALYs % of total 45–64 DALYs % of total
  Total 8,364,608   Total 8,478,954  
1 Unipolar major depression 823,548 9.8 Ischaemic heart disease 1,154,002 13.6
2 HIV 751,598 9.0 Lung, trachea or bronchial cancer 630,224 7.4
3 Alcohol use 549,949 6.6 COPD 504,418 5.9
4 Motor vehicle accidents 523,203 6.3 Cerebrovascular Disease 492,918 5.8
5 Self-inflicted 352,241 4.2 Diabetes mellitus 395,612 4.7
6 Homicide and violence 308,550 3.7 Osteoarthritis 361,774 4.3
7 Ischaemic heart disease 274,704 3.3 Breast cancer 250,963 3.0
8 Diabetes mellitus 238,472 2.9 Unipolar major depression 237,590 2.8
9 COPD 234,552 2.8 Cirrhosis of the liver 208,861 2.5
10 Drug use 222,535 2.7 Cancer colon or rectum 190,453 2.2
Rank 65–74 DALYs % of total 75+ DALYs % of total
  Total 4,710,335   Total 4,391,323  
1 Ischaemic heart disease 820,583 17.4 Ischaemic heart disease 876,239 20.0
2 Lung, trachea or bronchial cancer 448,452 9.5 Dementias 469,035 10.7
3 Cerebrovascular disease 373,629 7.9 Cerebrovascular disease 420,278 48.0
4 COPD 282,397 6.0 Lung, trachea or bronchial cancer 200,620 4.6
5 Osteoarthritis 266,685 5.7 COPD 186,379 4.2
6 Dementias 224,484 4.8 Osteoarthritis 161,077 3.7
7 Diabetes mellitus 168,605 3.6 Lower respiratory infections 146,631 3.3
8 Cancer colon or rectum 138,630 2.9 Cancer colon or rectum 106,111 2.4
9 Prostate cancer 97,033 2.1 Diabetes mellitus 106,061 2.4
10 Breast cancer 94,919 2.0 Prostate cancer 81,456 1.9