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Table 10 Ten leading causes of DALYs by race, US 1996

From: The burden of disease and injury in the United States 1996

  Whites DALYs % total   American Indians DALYs % total
Rank Total 26,510,011   Rank Total 294,474  
1 Ischaemic heart disease 2,710,918 10.2% 1 Alcohol use 46,419 15.8%
2 Cerebrovascular Disease 1,201,246 4.5% 2 Motor vehicle accidents 23,112 7.8%
3 Lung trachea or bronchial cancer 1,170,492 4.4% 3 Ischaemic heart disease 14,598 5.0%
4 Motor vehicle accidents 1,148,293 4.3% 4 Unipolar major depression 11,815 4.0%
5 Unipolar major depression 1,127,045 4.3% 5 Cirrhosis of the liver 9,293 3.2%
6 COPD 1,111,489 4.2% 6 Diabetes mellitus 9,070 3.1%
7 Alcohol use 857,509 3.2% 7 Self-inflicted 8,336 2.8%
8 Osteoarthritis 820,284 3.1% 8 Cerebrovascular Disease 8,241 2.8%
9 Dementia and other degenerative and hereditary CNS disorders 791,780 3.0% 9 Homicide and Violence 7,754 2.6%
10 Diabetes mellitus 727,575 2.7% 10 Congenital Abnormalities 7,489 2.5%
  Sub-total 11,666,630 44.0%   sub-total 146,128 49.6%
  Blacks DALYs % total   Asians DALYs % total
Rank Total 5,552,448   Rank Total 733,279  
1 HIV/AIDS 429,383 7.7% 1 Unipolar major depression 54,264 7.4%
2 Ischaemic heart disease 370,170 6.7% 2 Ischaemic heart disease 39,046 5.3%
3 Homicide and Violence 336,215 6.1% 3 Cerebrovascular Disease 33,883 4.6%
4 Cerebrovascular Disease 266,918 4.8% 4 COPD 29,040 4.0%
5 Alcohol use 230,780 4.2% 5 Osteoarthritis 29,027 4.0%
6 Motor vehicle accidents 193,159 3.5% 6 Motor vehicle accidents 28,714 3.9%
7 Diabetes mellitus 189,656 3.4% 7 Congenital Abnormalities 28,238 3.9%
8 Unipolar major depression 177,162 3.2% 8 Asthma 26,137 3.6%
9 Conditions arising during the perinatal period 174,558 3.1% 9 Diabetes mellitus 19,989 2.7%
10 Lung trachea or bronchial cancer 172,425 3.1% 10 Dementia and other degenerative and hereditary CNS disorders 17,831 2.4%
  sub-total 2,540,426 45.8%   sub-total 306,170 41.8%