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Table 4 Significant factors associated with diabetes in urban and rural areas (p < 0.05) or (p < 0.10)*

From: Diabetes and urbanization in the Omani population: an analysis of national survey data

  Diabetes in urban areas (n = 159)   Diabetes in rural areas (n = 517)  
  n (%) Adjusted OR (95% CI) n (%) Adjusted OR (95% CI)
Age ± - 1.2 (1.1–1.2)   1.2 (1.17–1.24)
Marital status
Not married 35 (11.1) - 114 (7.3) -
Married 120 (20.7) 1.6 (1.0–2.3) 403 (11.9) 1.3 (1.0–1.7)
Educational level
Illiterate 68 (28.0) - 323 (15.6) -
Less than secondary 43 (12.9) 0.6 (0.4–1.0)* 196 (9.8) 1.3 (1.0–1.6)
Secondary or above 43 (14.0) 1.0 (0.6–1.7) 32 (3.0) 0.6 (0.4–0.9)
Waist circumference (cm)
Normal 99 (14.7) - 323 (8.6)  
Abnormal 60 (26.7) 1.5 (1.0–2.3) 194 (16.5) 1.9 (1.5–2.3)
SBP (mmHg)
<120 15 (8.4)   66 (5.8) -
120–139 59 (13.3) 1.2 (0.7–2.3) 252 (9.2) 1.4 (1.0–1.8)
140–159 51 (28.2) 2.7 (1.4–5.1) 132 (17.5) 1.7 (1.2–2.4)
≥ 160 28 (32.6) 2.2 (1.0–4.7) 57 (21.7) 1.6 (1.1–2.5)
  1. Note: SBP is systolic blood pressure
  2. * Odds ratios adjusted for all variables included in the model.
  3. ± Age is grouped into 17 five-year age bands between 20 and 109 years.