Skip to main content

Table 3 Accuracy of Observer-Recorded Race Values Using Self-Reported Race Values as the Gold Standard* (N = 966,152)

From: Transition to the new race/ethnicity data collection standards in the Department of Veterans Affairs

Race Observed Self-reported** Accuracy and Agreement Measures (95% CI)
   Yes No Sensitivity Specificity PPV NPV Kappa
Hispanic White Yes 32,631 10,083 83.0 98.9 76.4 99.3% 0.786
  No 6,699 916,739 (82.6 – 83.3) (98.9 – 98.9) (76.0 – 76.8) (99.3 – 99.3) (0.783 – 0.790)
Hispanic Black Yes 657 2,663 26.6 99.7 19.8 99.8 0.225
  No 1,809 961,023 (24.9 – 28.4) (99.7 – 99.7) (18.4 – 21.2) (99.8 – 99.8) (0.210 – 0.239)
White Yes 712,524 22,777 97.6 90.3 96.9 92.3 0.885
  No 17,807 213,044 (97.5 – 97.6) (90.2 – 90.4) (96.9 – 96.9) (92.2 – 92.4) (0.884 – 0.886)
AA Yes 166,876 10,378 94.0 98.7 94.1 98.6 0.927
  No 10,665 778,233 (93.9 – 94.1) (98.7 – 98.7) (94.0 – 94.3) (98.6 – 98.7) (0.926 – 0.928)
AIAN Yes 1,100 1,172 31.8 99.9 48.4 99.8 0.382
  No 2,359 961,521 (30.3 – 33.4) (99.9 – 99.9) (46.3 – 50.5) (99.7 – 99.8) (0.366 – 0.398)
API Yes 4,592 699 35.3 99.9 86.8 99.1 0.498
  No 8,433 952,428 (34.4 – 36.1) (99.9 – 99.9) (85.8 – 87.7) (99.1 – 99.1) (0.489 – 0.506)
Hispanic, Combined Yes 35,934 10,100 86.0 98.9 78.1 99.4 0.810
  No 5,862 914,256 (85.6 – 86.3) (98.9 – 98.9) (77.7 – 78.4) (99.4 – 99.4) (0.807 – 0.813)
AIAN & API Combined Yes 5,767 2,146 35.0 99.8 72.9 98.9 0.467
  No 10,717 968,132 (34.3 – 35.7) (99.8 – 99.8) (71.9 – 73.9) (98.9 – 98.9) (0.459 – 0.475)
Non-White, non-AA Combined Yes 42,923 10,674 73.7 98.8 80.1 98.3 0.753
  No 15,357 897,198 (73.3 – 74.0) (98.8 – 98.9) (79.7 – 80.4) (98.3 – 98.3) (0.750 – 0.756)
  1. * CI indicates confidence interval; PPV, positive predictive value; NPV, negative predictive value; AA, African American; AIAN, American Indian or Alaska Native; API, Asian or Pacific Islander. Veterans with multiracial values, veterans who reported Hispanic ethnicity but no or non-AA minority race, veterans with race values reported by observation or proxy after May 2003 and veterans with missing or unknown race values were excluded.
  2. ** In self-reported data, Hispanic ethnicity and White or Black race were used to identify respectively Hispanic White or Hispanic Black in this table. Both Asian and Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander in the self-reported data are used to identify Asian or Pacific Islander.