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Table 2 Top ten causes of premature mortality among children under the age of five years ranked by percentage contribution to the total YLL in the Nairobi DSS 2003–2005

From: The burden of disease profile of residents of Nairobi's slums: Results from a Demographic Surveillance System

Causes YLL % YLL Rank
Pneumonia 3463 22.8 1
Diarrhoeal Diseases 2969 19.5 2
Stillbirths 2480 16.3 3
Malnutrition and Anaemia 1275 8.4 4
Birth Injury and/or Asphyxia 661 4.3 5
AIDS and TB 609 4.0 6
Malaria 537 3.5 7
Prematurity and or Low Birth Weight 529 3.5 8
Acute Febrile Illness 434 2.9 9
Measles 304 2.0 10
Total (All Causes) 15192