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Table 2 Estimated prevalence (sampling standard error)* of total diabetes by state, age, sex, race and insurance status (Figures show actual prevalence; age-standardized figures available from authors).

From: Diabetes prevalence and diagnosis in US states: analysis of health surveys

State Age group Sex Race Insurance status
  30-59 y ≥ 60 y Men Women White Black Hispanic Other races Insured Uninsured
National NHANES 8.4%
(.6)
23.6%
(.1)
13.7%
(.8)
11.7%
(.7)
11.4%
(.7)
18.3%
(1.0)
16.7%
(1.6)
11.1%
(1.5)
13.3%
(.7)
9.2%
(.9)
National BRFSS Prediction 8.4%
(.05)
23.8%
(.1)
14.4%
(.07)
11.4%
(.05)
11.9%
(.04)
17.3%
(.18)
16.3%
(.26)
11.3%
(.29)
13.0%
(.05)
11.9%
(.15)
Alabama 10.1%
(.3)
25%
(.54)
16.1%
(.45)
13.5%
(.33)
13.6%
(.3)
19%
(.69)
14.5%
(1.91)
11.7%
(1.81)
15%
(.3)
12.4%
(.71)
Alaska 6%
(.31)
21.8%
(1.09)
9.9%
(.5)
8.2%
(.47)
9.2%
(.38)
8.9%
(1.17)
11.7%
(2.25)
8.3%
(1.01)
9.3%
(.38)
7.8%
(.77)
Arizona 8.4%
(.41)
22.1%
(.65)
14.5%
(.58)
10.7%
(.42)
11.7%
(.38)
15%
(1.66)
17.8%
(1.28)
11.3%
(1.32)
12.9%
(.39)
11.1%
(.94)
Arkansas 9.1%
(.24)
21.4%
(.42)
14.5%
(.35)
11.7%
(.27)
12.6%
(.23)
17%
(.8)
13.6%
(1.66)
12.7%
(1.33)
13.5%
(.24)
10.5%
(.51)
California 8.3%
(.25)
25%
(.59)
14.4%
(.4)
11%
(.3)
10.7%
(.25)
15.4%
(.86)
16.2%
(.61)
10.5%
(.94)
12.9%
(.27)
11.2%
(.72)
Colorado 5.7%
(.17)
18.9%
(.41)
10.6%
(.26)
7.3%
(.2)
8%
(.17)
11.4%
(.86)
15%
(.67)
9.2%
(1.13)
9.1%
(.18)
7.7%
(.45)
Connecticut 6.5%
(.19)
20.6%
(.4)
12.4%
(.29)
9.3%
(.23)
10.3%
(.19)
16.7%
(1)
14.6%
(.97)
8.9%
(1.22)
10.8%
(.19)
10.8%
(.68)
Delaware 8.3%
(.31)
23.1%
(.56)
15%
(.45)
10.9%
(.34)
12.4%
(.3)
16.4%
(.92)
12.5%
(2)
9.3%
(1.35)
13%
(.29)
10.7%
(.95)
District of Columbia 8.1%
(.31)
26.3%
(.78)
12.9%
(.48)
13.3%
(.44)
5.4%
(.24)
18.1%
(.52)
9.2%
(1.24)
9.7%
(1.72)
13.1%
(.34)
12.8%
(1.05)
Florida 9%
(.25)
23.1%
(.39)
16.2%
(.36)
12%
(.26)
13%
(.23)
18%
(.83)
15.9%
(.7)
11.7%
(1.54)
14.3%
(.24)
12.3%
(.61)
Georgia 9.2%
(.25)
26.5%
(.5)
14.6%
(.37)
12.2%
(.28)
12.2%
(.24)
16.9%
(.57)
12.2%
(1.39)
9.9%
(1.25)
13.5%
(.25)
12.2%
(.62)
Hawaii 7.6%
(.3)
20.8%
(.59)
12.9%
(.44)
10.6%
(.36)
8.7%
(.34)
14%
(.7)
14.2%
(1.28)
12.4%
(.46)
11.9%
(.29)
9.3%
(.89)
Idaho 7.7%
(.24)
21.7%
(.45)
12.8%
(.35)
10.6%
(.27)
11.4%
(.23)
16.1%
(1.97)
16.4%
(1.45)
13.4%
(1.45)
12%
(.24)
10%
(.56)
Illinois 8.6%
(.27)
23.8%
(.49)
14.5%
(.4)
11.2%
(.28)
11.2%
(.22)
18.6%
(.88)
17.6%
(1.33)
9.8%
(1.49)
12.5%
(.24)
15.9%
(1.06)
Indiana 8.4%
(.22)
24.8%
(.45)
14.7%
(.33)
11.9%
(.26)
12.9%
(.22)
18%
(1.01)
15.7%
(1.7)
10.9%
(1.35)
13.3%
(.22)
12.3%
(.63)
Iowa 6.9%
(.2)
22.1%
(.41)
13.4%
(.31)
10.3%
(.25)
11.8%
(.2)
14.7%
(1.69)
15.7%
(1.85)
4.6%
(1.15)
11.9%
(.21)
10.5%
(.69)
Kansas 7.3%
(.17)
21.7%
(.35)
13%
(.26)
10.4%
(.21)
11.3%
(.17)
17.1%
(.95)
14.3%
(1.03)
10.6%
(1.17)
11.8%
(.17)
10.7%
(.55)
Kentucky 9.8%
(.27)
24.7%
(.47)
15.7%
(.4)
12.5%
(.28)
13.7%
(.24)
20.8%
(1.55)
15.1%
(1.96)
11.8%
(1.83)
14.3%
(.26)
12.2%
(.61)
Louisiana 10%
(.26)
26.6%
(.5)
15.7%
(.38)
13.6%
(.29)
13%
(.26)
18.8%
(.56)
16.3%
(1.61)
13.1%
(1.31)
14.5%
(.26)
15.1%
(.59)
Maine 7.6%
(.26)
22.2%
(.52)
14.1%
(.4)
10.3%
(.29)
12.1%
(.25)
16.6%
(3.06)
11.2%
(1.78)
11.4%
(1.8)
12.4%
(.26)
9.2%
(.65)
Maryland 7.7%
(.22)
24.7%
(.51)
13.5%
(.35)
11%
(.28)
11.2%
(.21)
15.4%
(.57)
12%
(1.71)
8.8%
(1.12)
12.3%
(.23)
10.6%
(.77)
Massachusetts 6.4%
(.16)
20.5%
(.35)
12.2%
(.25)
9%
(.19)
10%
(.16)
14.8%
(.78)
17.6%
(.91)
7.9%
(.84)
10.5%
(.16)
10.7%
(.61)
Michigan 8.7%
(.23)
25.1%
(.43)
15%
(.34)
12%
(.26)
12.6%
(.21)
18.2%
(.81)
17.7%
(1.83)
14.3%
(1.55)
13.7%
(.22)
10.6%
(.65)
Minnesota 5.9%
(.2)
20.1%
(.45)
11.8%
(.32)
8%
(.23)
9.8%
(.2)
11.9%
(1.42)
12.2%
(1.68)
10.4%
(1.49)
10%
(.21)
7.2%
(.66)
Mississippi 11.4%
(.27)
27.7%
(.48)
16.9%
(.39)
15.6%
(.3)
14.3%
(.27)
20.4%
(.51)
16%
(1.84)
16.9%
(2.21)
16.6%
(.27)
14.3%
(.61)
Missouri 7.7%
(.26)
22.9%
(.52)
13.7%
(.39)
11.3%
(.31)
12%
(.26)
16%
(.98)
14.2%
(2.4)
13.3%
(1.65)
12.7%
(.27)
10.4%
(.62)
Montana 6.5%
(.21)
19.3%
(.43)
11.7%
(.31)
9.3%
(.26)
10.1%
(.21)
19.3%
(1.97)
13.4%
(1.76)
14.3%
(1.08)
10.6%
(.22)
10%
(.54)
Nebraska 7.3%
(.21)
22.4%
(.39)
13.3%
(.31)
10.6%
(.24)
11.7%
(.2)
15.7%
(1.53)
16.4%
(1.39)
8.6%
(1.36)
12%
(.21)
11.1%
(.61)
Nevada 7.5%
(.34)
23.3%
(.73)
13.9%
(.5)
10.1%
(.43)
12%
(.38)
15.1%
(1.4)
12.9%
(1.03)
8.8%
(.96)
12.2%
(.35)
11.3%
(.95)
New Hampshire 6.5%
(.18)
22.2%
(.43)
12.2%
(.28)
9.5%
(.23)
10.7%
(.19)
12.1%
(1.94)
17%
(2.5)
12.2%
(1.44)
11.1%
(.2)
7.9%
(.48)
New Jersey 7.9%
(.18)
23.9%
(.34)
14.4%
(.27)
11%
(.21)
11.3%
(.16)
17.5%
(.58)
16.1%
(.69)
10%
(.88)
12.7%
(.17)
12.4%
(.59)
New Mexico 8.4%
(.22)
22.3%
(.42)
13.5%
(.31)
11.6%
(.26)
10.2%
(.23)
14.3%
(.78)
16.4%
(.43)
14.3%
(1.15)
12.6%
(.22)
12.3%
(.49)
New York 8.5%
(.23)
23.9%
(.46)
14.7%
(.35)
11.5%
(.27)
11.5%
(.21)
18.1%
(.74)
15.6%
(.86)
11.5%
(1.08)
13.3%
(.23)
10.9%
(.69)
North Carolina 9.3%
(.17)
25.6%
(.33)
15.4%
(.26)
12.8%
(.2)
13%
(.18)
19.2%
(.44)
11%
(.73)
12%
(.92)
14.3%
(.17)
12.3%
(.41)
North Dakota 6.5%
(.22)
21.7%
(.49)
12.7%
(.35)
10.1%
(.3)
11.1%
(.23)
14.9%
(2.37)
19.1%
(3.06)
15.5%
(1.83)
11.2%
(.23)
12.9%
(.9)
Ohio 8.3%
(.27)
24.6%
(.57)
14.6%
(.41)
11.9%
(.33)
12.6%
(.28)
18.4%
(.96)
16.5%
(2.91)
14.8%
(2.05)
13.1%
(.28)
13.9%
(.94)
Oklahoma 9.7%
(.22)
24.1%
(.37)
15.7%
(.31)
12.9%
(.24)
13.1%
(.2)
18.1%
(.77)
18.3%
(1.39)
17.4%
(.8)
14.8%
(.22)
11.4%
(.47)
Oregon 7.1%
(.21)
21.1%
(.4)
13.1%
(.32)
9.6%
(.23)
11.2%
(.2)
13.2%
(1.14)
11.7%
(1.34)
11.2%
(1.36)
11.6%
(.21)
9.0%
(.56)
Pennsylvania 8.1%
(.23)
24.1%
(.43)
15.1%
(.36)
11.6%
(.25)
12.7%
(.21)
17.7%
(.99)
19.1%
(2.16)
12.8%
(1.71)
13.6%
(.23)
10.4%
(.66)
Rhode Island 7%
(.23)
22.7%
(.5)
13.7%
(.37)
10.3%
(.29)
11.7%
(.24)
15.4%
(1.39)
16.9%
(1.31)
6.7%
(1.15)
12.1%
(.25)
10.3%
(.78)
South Carolina 10%
(.22)
26%
(.4)
15.8%
(.32)
13.4%
(.26)
12.6%
(.2)
20.4%
(.55)
18.7%
(1.91)
10.5%
(1.17)
14.7%
(.22)
14.0%
(.57)
South Dakota 7%
(.19)
21.5%
(.37)
13%
(.28)
10.3%
(.23)
11.2%
(.18)
17.7%
(1.69)
16.5%
(2.2)
18.9%
(1.18)
11.7%
(.19)
10.9%
(.56)
Tennessee 10.5%
(.37)
26.3%
(.6)
16.3%
(.53)
13.8%
(.38)
14.6%
(.32)
17.9%
(1.18)
13.3%
(2.41)
13.6%
(2.67)
15.4%
(.35)
12.0%
(.78)
Texas 10.1%
(.25)
25.4%
(.46)
15.2%
(.35)
13%
(.28)
12.2%
(.26)
17.1%
(.65)
18.6%
(.6)
12%
(1.17)
14.3%
(.25)
13.4%
(.5)
Utah 6.3%
(.22)
22.7%
(.56)
12%
(.35)
8.7%
(.28)
10%
(.23)
14%
(1.96)
14%
(1.4)
11.1%
(1.59)
10.6%
(.24)
8.1%
(.62)
Vermont 6.1%
(.16)
19.9%
(.37
11.7%
(.26)
8.6%
(.2)
10%
(.16)
13.3%
(1.65)
14.9%
(2.03)
11.8%
(1.47)
10.3%
(.17)
8.4%
(.49)
Virginia 7.7%
(.24)
23.6%
(.58)
13.5%
(.39)
10.5%
(.31)
11.3%
(.26)
16.8%
(.81)
11.3%
(1.15)
10%
(1.49)
11.9%
(.25)
12.6%
(.95)
Washington 7.4%
(.12)
21.3%
(.23)
12.5%
(.17)
9.9%
(.13)
11.1%
(.11)
13.5%
(.69)
13.4%
(.64)
10.7%
(.56)
11.4%
(.12)
10.0%
(.35)
West Virginia 11.1%
(.31)
27.3%
(.53)
17.6%
(.44)
15.4%
(.36)
16.4%
(.29)
19%
(1.85)
15.1%
(2.14)
17.1%
(1.87)
17.2%
(.31)
11.9%
(.72)
Wisconsin 6.3%
(.2)
21.6%
(.49)
12.1%
(.32)
9.4%
(.26)
10.4%
(.21)
17.2%
(1.34)
14.6%
(2.22)
10.6%
(1.64)
10.7%
(.22)
11.9%
(.8)
Wyoming 7.3%
(.22)
21.2%
(.43)
12.8%
(.32)
9.8%
(.25)
10.8%
(.2)
16.2%
(2.07)
20.4%
(1.58)
15.6%
(1.86)
11.5%
(.22)
10.0%
(.54)
  1. * The standard error of prevalence reported here reflects the sampling variability in the predicted diabetes prevalence but does not incorporate uncertainty in the prediction model (parameter uncertainty and stochastic uncertainty) and thus is an underestimate for the true standard error of prevalence. We included the parameter and stochastic uncertainty of the modeling using a multiple imputation approach in which we imputed the prevalence of diabetes for individuals who did not report having diabetes 10 times, drawing from a multivariate Normal distribution of the coefficients and drawing randomly from the posterior binomial distribution of revalence. We estimated the standard error of the national prevalence of diabetes using these 10 imputed values for each sex. The standard error was 0.8% for men and 0.4% for women, which is almost 10 times larger than the standard error estimated using sampling uncertainty only.