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Table 2 Age-Adjusted, Category-Specific Death Ratesa Comparing Panel 1 Participants and Non-Participants for the Millennium Cohort Study, United States, July 1, 2001-December 31, 2006

From: Early mortality experience in a large military cohort and a comparison of mortality data sources

Baseline Characteristics Panel 1 Participantsb
n= 76,960
No. of deaths (per 100,000 person-years)
Panel 1 Non-Participantsc
n= 132,186
No. of deaths (per 100,000 person-years)
Gender   
   Male 82.2 132.1
   Female 56.4 62.8
Race/ethnicity   
   White non-Hispanic 77.2 117.6
   Black non-Hispanic 61.7 115.4
   Other 66.8 111.2
Marital status   
   Not married 84.2 125.0
   Married 75.9 97.4
   Divorced 57.0 110.0
Education   
   High school or less 85.3 135.5
   Some college 66.6 87.9
   Bachelor's degree 65.2 92.1
   Advanced degree 35.2 56.2
Service component   
   Reserve/National Guard 80.3 112.1
   Active duty 63.6 111.4
Branch of service   
   Army 78.7 137.8
   Air Force 64.9 81.5
   Navy/Coast Guard 60.4 110.2
   Marine Corps 73.2 167.2
Military pay grade   
   Enlisted 77.4 121.4
   Officer 64.0 81.5
Occupational category   
   Combat specialists 104.5 150.7
   Health care specialists 60.0 88.7
   Service supply and functional support 65.8 98.3
   Other 69.7 115.7
Deployment experienced   
   Pre-2001 73.7 147.4
   2001-2006 61.7 71.5
   Pre-2001 and 2001-2006 46.3 92.7
   None 77.8 130.9
Separated from military servicee   
   No 80.2 129.3
   Yes 51.8 77.2
  1. a Number of deaths per 100,000 person years between Jul 1, 2001 and Dec 31, 2006, adjusted for birth year, standardized to the total US military as of October 1, 2000. Data sources include Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, Department of Veterans Affairs, and Defense Manpower Data Center.
  2. b Includes Panel 1 Millennium Cohort participants who enrolled in the study between July 1, 2001, and June 30, 2003, and had complete demographic data.
  3. c Includes service members who had complete demographic data, were presumed alive as of June 30, 2001, were able to be contacted by mail and were invited to enroll in the first panel of the Millennium Cohort Study, but either declined, did not respond, or were ineligible.
  4. d Deployment category "Pre-2001" refers to individuals deployed to the 1991 Gulf War or to Bosnia, Kosovo, or Southwest Asia between January 1, 1998, and September 30, 2000; the category "2001-2006" includes individuals deployed in support of the military operations in Iraq and Afghanistan between September 1, 2001, and December 31, 2006.
  5. e Separation (retirement or early separation) from military service as of December 31, 2006 (excludes death as a reason for separation).