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Table 4 Relative risk estimates for the association between IPV and health outcomes

From: Interpersonal violence: an important risk factor for disease and injury in South Africa

Condition IPV in last 12 months RR (95% CI) IPV more than 12 months ago RR (95% CI)
Tobacco smoking 2.98 (2.09-4.25) 2.79 (2.33-3.34)
Alcohol abuse 1.82 (1.04-3.18) 1.47 (1.03-2.10)
Illicit drug use 2.27 (1.63-3.17) 1.23 (1.02-1.48)
Depression 3.05 (2.18-4.28) 1.96 (1.59-2.42)
Anxiety disorders 2.59 (1.59-4.20) 1.83 (1.36-2.47)
Eating disordersa 1.87 (1.39-2.51) 1.22 (1.04-1.43)
Sexually transmitted infections 2.24 (1.40-3.58) 1.54 (1.15-2.08)
Abnormal Pap smear* 1.43 (1.03-2.00) 1.46 (1.22-1.75)
Deliberate self-harm 7.05 (4.55-10.93) 2.53 (1.81-3.56)
HIV/AIDSb 1.51 (1.04-2.21) -
  1. Source: Adapted from Vos et al. [11]
  2. *Used as a proxy for cervical cancer [11]
  3. a Not applied in this study due to lack of burden estimates
  4. b Estimate from Jewkes et al. [18] adjusted for herpes simplex virus type 2 infection at baseline (an important STI), age, treatment, stratum, and person years of exposure.