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Table 1 Studies and reports meeting the inclusion criteria of the comprehensive review

From: Social autopsy for maternal and child deaths: a comprehensive literature review to examine the concept and the development of the method

Study Study characteristics Outcomes
Author and reference # Publication date Study setting Age group studied No. of deaths investi-gated Data collected on the care-seeking process: 1) illness recognition; 2) home care; 3) recognition of severe illness; 4a) times, 4b) sequence, and 4c) type of health care sought; 5) CS delays; 6) CS constraints; 7) quality of care; 8) referral; 9) compliance with home care and/or referral advice Social diagnosis of contributors to death was made Data provided
were: 1)
representative;
2) large area
(district/
regional/
national)
Data were utilized to
support health
program or policy
development: 1)
advocacy/
accountability; 2)
data sharing and
interpretation; 3)
intervention
development =
responsiveness
Data were utilized to support community empowerment: 1) data sharing and interpretation; 2) intervention development; 3) monitoring and revision
Sustrisna [13] 1993 Indonesia: 10,000 HHs, Indramayu, West Java Under 5 years old 139 4c; 6 Implied 1) Unclear; 2) No 1/2/3) None stated 1/2/3) None stated
Gutierrez [14] 1994 Mexico: Tlaxcala state 3 days-5 years old 98 ARI & 34 acute diarrhea 4c, 5; 7; 8 Implied 1) Unclear 2) Yes □1/2/3) Yes 1/2/3) None stated
Sodemann [15] 1997 Guinea-Bissau: 2 suburbs of Bissau 1-30 months old 125 4a, c; 5; 7 Yes 1) Yes; 2) No 1/2/3) None stated 1/2/3) None stated
Aguilar [8] 1998 Bolivia: El Alto city Under 5 years old 271 PtoS study: 1; 2; 3; 4b, 4c; 5; 7; 9 Yes 1) Likely; 2) No 1) Yes; 2/3) None stated 1) Yes; 2/3) None stated
de Bocaletti [19] 1999 Guatemala: 4 towns Stillbirths & 0-6 days old 101/36 PtoS study: A) Mother: delivery place & decision maker; B) Mother & child: 1; 2; 3; 4c; 5; 6; 7; 9 Yes 1) Likely; 2) No 1/2) Yes; 3) Goals stated 1/2) Yes; 3) None stated
de Souza [20] 2000 Brazil: 11 municipalities, Ceara state 1-11 months old 127 PtoS study: 2; 3; 4a, b, c; 5; 6; 7; 9 Yes 1) Possible; 2) Yes 1/2/3) None stated 1) Yes; 2/3) None stated
RACHA [21] 2000 Cambodia: 40 villages in 4 provinces Perinates & 1 wk.-59 mo. Old 59/119 PtoS study: A) Mother: delivery place & decision maker; B) Mother & child: 1; 2; 3; 4a, b, c; 5; 6; 7; 9 Yes 1) Possible; 2) Yes 1/2) Yes; 3) Goals stated 1) None stated; 2) Goal to mobilize the community; 3) None stated
Bhandari [22] 2002 India: 2 urban slums, Delhi 0-365 days 162 PtoS study: 3; 4a, b, c; 5; 7; 9; referral compliance constraints Yes 1) No; 2) No 1/2/3) None stated 1/2/3) None stated
Schumacher [9] 2002 Guinea: Mandiana prefecture 0 days-59 months old 330 PtoS study: 1; 2; 3; 4a, b, c; 5; 6; 7; 9 Yes 1) Yes; 2) Yes 1/2/3) Yes 1/2) Yes; 3) None stated
Hinderaker [16] 2003 Tanzania: 2 divisions in 2 districts Stillbirths and neonates 136 A) Mother: delivery place; B) Child: 5; 7; 8 Yes 1) Probably not; 2) No 1/2/3) None stated 1/2/3) None stated
de Savigny [17] 2004 Tanzania: Rufiji DSS Under 5 years old 320 (all malaria) 2; 4a, b, c Presumed, not demon-strated 1) Yes; 2) No 1/2) Yes; 3) None stated 1) Yes; 2/3) None stated
Bojalil [23] 2007 Mexico: Hidalgo state Under 5 years old 75 ARI & diarrhea PtoS study: 3; 4a, c; 5; 6; 7 Yes 1) Yes; 2) Yes 1/2/3) None stated, but the study aimed to "provide information to better implement interventions linked with IMCI program" 1/2/3) None stated
Beiersmann [18] 2007 Burkina Faso: sub-portion of 1 district Under-5 years old with malaria 100 4c; 6 Yes 1) Yes; 2) No 1/2/3) None stated 1/2/3) None stated
Waiswa [24] 2010 Uganda: Iganga/Mayuge DSS Neonates 64 PtoS study: A) Mother: delivery place and attendant; B) Child: 3; 5; 7 Yes 1) No; 2) No 1/2/3) None stated 1/2/3) None stated
Fawcus [39] 1996 Zimbabwe: 1 province and urban Harare Maternal 166 5; 6; 7; 8; 9 Yes 1) Possible; 2) Yes 12/3) None stated 1) Yes; 2/3) None stated
Castro [36] 2000 Mexico: 3 states Maternal 145 3; CS decision maker; 4a, c; 5; 6; 7; 8 Yes 1) Yes; 2) Yes 1) Yes; 2/3) None stated 1/2/3) None stated
Supratikto [38] 2002 Indonesia: 3 districts, S. Kalimantan Maternal 130 4c, 5; 6; 7 Yes 1) Possible; 2: Yes 1/2/3) Yes 1) Yes; 2/3) None stated
Bartlett [34] 2005 Afghanistan: Kabul & 3 districts Maternal 133 4c; 5; 6; 7 No 1) Possible 2) Yes 1) None stated; 2/3) Yes 1/2/3) None stated
Campbell [35] 2005 Egypt Maternal 718 (1992/3) / 580 (2000) 3; 4c; 5; 7 Yes 1) Yes; 2) Yes 1/2/3) Yes 1) Passive; 2/3) None stated
UNICEF [10] 2008 India: 4 districts in 3 states Maternal 102 (1 district) 3; 4a, b, c; 5; 6 Yes 1) Possible; 2) Yes 1/2/3) Yes 1/2) Yes; 3) None stated
Jafarey [37] 2009 Pakistan: 2 districts Maternal 128 3; 4c; 5; 6; 7; 8 Yes 1) Possible/No; 2) Yes 1) Yes: 2/3) None stated 1/2/3) None stated
D'Ambruoso [40] 2010 Burkina Faso: 1 district; Indonesia: 2 districts Maternal 70 (BF) / 104 (Indonesia) 5; 6; 7 Yes 1) No; 2) Yes 1/2/3) None stated 1/2/3) None stated
  1. CS: care seeking; HH: household; ARI: acute respiratory infection; PtoS: Pathway to Survival; IMCI: Integrated Management of Childhood Illness; DSS: demographic and surveillance site; and : studies ranked, respectively, as providing "any" and "strong" support to health programs and communities.