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Table 5 Multiplicative factor by age and gender, if statistically heterogeneous, for each detected jump

From: Cause-specific mortality time series analysis: a general method to detect and correct for abrupt data production changes

Country Underlying cause of death Year Gender2 Multiplicative factor1
     Age tertile 3
     1st 2nd 3rd
  Cerebrovascular disease 2001 Both 1.13
  Conditions originating in the perinatal period 1986 Both 0.10
   2001 Both 2.24
England and Wales Heart failure 1979 Male 4.78 3.86 3.34
    Female 4.22 3.41 2.95
   1984 Both 0.60 0.72 0.77
   1993 Both 1.83 1.58 1.37
  Renal failure 1979 Both 2.59
   1993 Both 2.93 1.53 1.50
  Rheumatic heart disease 1979 Male 0.54 0.50 0.39
    Female 0.82 0.75 0.59
   2001 Both 0.87 0.94 0.75
  Heart failure 1979 Both 1.91
  Hypertension 1979 Male 0.63
    Female 0.70
   1998 Both 1.14 1.10 1.25
France Malignant colorectal neoplasm 1979 Both 0.91
  Peptic ulcer 1979 Both 0.75
   2000 Both 0.61
  Rheumatic heart disease 1979 Male 0.39 0.32 0.22
    Female 0.62 0.51 0.35
   2000 Both 1.53
  Cerebrovascular disease 1991 Both 1.40
  Conditions originating in the perinatal period 1991 Both 0.52
  Heart failure 1990 Both 1.71 1.46 1.27
   1991 Both 0.72
East Germany Hypertension 1991 Male 0.45 0.51 0.58
    Female 0.52 0.58 0.67
  Ischemic heart disease 1991 Male 1.14 1.21 1.30
    Female 1.22 1.30 1.40
  Malignant colorectal neoplasm 1991 Male 1.14 1.17 1.32
    Female 1.04 1.07 1.20
  Rheumatic heart disease 1998 Male 0.92
    Female 1.25
  Heart failure 1979 Both 1.60
West Germany Ischemic heart disease 1979 Male 0.98 0.92 0.76
    Female 0.93 0.88 0.72
  Rheumatic heart disease 1979 Male 0.46
    Female 0.69
  Heart failure 1979 Male 2.15 1.33 1.23
    Female 1.86 1.15 1.06
   1996 Both 0.64 0.77 0.82
Netherlands Hypertension 1980 Both 0.95 0.81 0.70
  Renal failure 1979 Both 0.41 0.72 0.63
  Rheumatic heart disease 1992 Both 0.89 2.76 5.32
   1996 Both 0.42
Spain Conditions originating in the perinatal period 1975 Male 2.85
    Female 3.08
  Heart failure 1980 Both 1.46
  Ischemic heart disease 1980 Both 0.94
  Malignant colorectal neoplasm 1980 Male 0.84
    Female 0.75
  Renal failure 1980 Both 1.66 1.57 1.24
  Heart failure 1987 Both 3.57 7.55 7.99
  Malignant neoplasm of testes 1974 Both 1.40
   1979 Both 0.41 0.72 0.88
Sweden Renal failure 1987 Both 0.65
   1997 Both 1.59 0.88 1.23
  Rheumatic heart disease 1982 Both 0.12
   1987 Both 5.71 7.20 14.27
  1. 1: Multiplicative factor of the mortality rate between the period before and after the detected jump
  2. 2,3: Multiplicative factor estimated by age and gender, if statistically heterogeneous at the 5% level. Age and gender categorical variables were selected with a backward procedure.
  3. 3: Age categories were defined by country and cause of death in order to include a third of the number of deaths