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Table 1 Distribution of individual-level characteristics by region of residence

From: Regional inequalities in under-5 mortality in Nigeria: a population-based analysis of individual- and community-level determinants

Characteristics Region of residence Total
N (%)
  North Central
N (%)
North East
N (%)
North West
N (%)
South East
N (%)
South South
N (%)
South West
N (%)
 
Region of residence 1,015 (17) 1,487 (25) 1,821 (30) 524 (9) 560 (9) 622 (10) 6029 (100)
Birth order        ***
First birth 210 (21) 240 (16) 349 (19) 99 (19) 136 (24) 166 (27) 1,200 (20)
2 - 4 birth order 473 (46) 603 (41) 759 (42) 255 (49) 244 (44) 317 (51) 2,621 (43)
≥ 5 birth order 332 (33) 644 (43) 713 (39) 200 (38) 180 (32) 139 (22) 2,208 (37)
Sex of the child        ***
Female 492 (49) 756 (51) 915 (50) 283 (54) 281 (50) 335 (54) 3,062 (51)
Male 523 (51) 731 (49) 906 (50) 241 (46) 279 (50) 287 (46) 2,967 (49)
Mother's age        ***
≤ 23 years 220 (22) 396 (27) 529 (29) 62 (12) 118 (21) 86 (14) 1,411 (23)
24 - 33 years 556 (55) 716 (48) 877 (48) 269 (51) 290 (52) 362 (58) 3,070 (51)
≥ 34 years 239 (23) 375 (25) 415 (23) 193 (37) 152 (27) 174 (28) 1,548 (26)
Mothers' age at birth of first child        ***
18 years or less 516 (51) 998 (67) 1258 (69) 147 (28) 280 (50) 138 (22) 3,337 (55)
19 years or more 499 (49) 489 (33) 563 (31) 377 (72) 280 (50) 484 (78) 2,692 (45)
Marital status        ***
Single 25 (2) 7 (0) 3 (0) 13 (3) 49 (9) 12 (2) 109 (2)
Married 956 (94) 1,421 (96) 1,775 (97) 477 (91) 481 (86) 598 (96) 5708 (95)
Divorced 34 (4) 59 (4) 43 (3) 34 (6) 30 (5) 12 (2) 212 (3)
Religious affiliation        ***
Christian 592 (58) 215 (15) 111 (6) 482 (92) 540 (97) 367 (59) 2307 (38)
Muslim 392 (39) 1257 (84) 1701 (93) 0 (0) 7 (1) 241 (39) 3598 (60)
Traditional 31 (3) 15 (1) 9 (1) 42 (8) 13 (2) 14 (2) 124 (2)
Mothers' education        ***
No education 416 (41) 1,032 (69) 1,338 (73) 90 (17) 52 (9) 105 (17) 3033 (50)
Primary 355 (35) 263 (18) 248 (14) 210 (40) 195 (35) 202 (32) 1473 (25)
Secondary or higher 244 (24) 192 (13) 235 (13) 224 (43) 313 (56) 315 (51) 1523 (25)
Wealth Index        ***
Poor 425 (42) 866 (58) 876 (48) 214 (41) 180 (32) 166 (27) 2,727 (45)
Middle 440 (43) 524 (36) 762 (42) 203 (39) 238 (43) 147 (24) 2,332 (39)
Rich 150 (15) 79 (6) 183 (10) 107 (20) 142 (25) 309 (49) 970 (16)
  1. *p < .05; **p < .01; ***p < .001