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Table 4 Unadjusted prevalence of high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and diabetes by age, sex, and socio-economic status, 2004 to 2013

From: Ten-year trends in major lifestyle risk factors using an ongoing population surveillance system in Australia

   Year; prevalence, % (95% CI) Relative change % (absolute change) Pvalue for trend
   2004-2005 2006-2007 2008-2009 2010-2011 2012-2013   
High blood pressure         
Overall   18.9 (18.2-19.6) 19.0 (18.2-19.7) 19.7 (18.9-20.4) 21.2 (20.4-22.0) 21.1 (20.3-22.0) 11.6 (2.2) <0.001
Sex Males 18.2 (17.1-19.3) 17.9 (16.8-18.9) 19.2 (18.1-20.3) 20.3 (19.0-21.5) 20.4 (19.0-21.7) 12.1 (2.2) <0.001
Females 19.6 (18.6-20.5) 20.0 (19.1-21.0) 20.1 (19.2-21.1) 22.0 (21.0-23.0) 21.8 (20.8-22.9) 11.2 (2.2) 0.001
Age (y) 18 - 39 2.2 (1.5-2.8) 2.2 (1.6-2.8) 1.9 (1.2-2.5) 3.1 (2.3-4.0) 1.7 (0.9-2.5) -22.7 (-0.5) 0.941
40 - 64 18.7 (17.6-19.9) 18.5 (17.4-19.6) 20.1 (18.9-21.2) 20.7 (19.5-22.0) 20.8 (19.5-22.2) 11.2 (2.1) <0.001
65 and over 51.2 (49.4-52.9) 51.3 (49.6-53.0) 51.5 (49.9-53.1) 53.9 (52.5-55.4) 53.6 (52.2-55.1) 4.7 (2.4) 0.024
SES Low/lowest quintile 20.3 (19.1-21.5) 21.1 (19.9-22.4) 21.4 (20.1-22.7) 24.6 (23.1-26.0) 22.6 (21.1-24.1) 11.3 (2.3) <0.001
Middle quintile 19.8 (18.2-21.4) 21.5 (19.8-23.2) 20.8 (19.1-22.5) 20.6 (18.8-22.3) 21.9 (20.0-23.8) 10.6 (2.1) 0.235
High/highest quintile 17.3 (16.2-18.4) 16.0 (15.0-17.1) 17.7 (16.6-18.8) 18.5 (17.3-19.6) 19.5 (18.2-20.8) 12.7 (2.2) <0.001
High blood cholesterol         
Overall   14.6 (13.9-15.2) 14.6 (13.9-15.2) 15.9 (15.2-16.5) 16.9 (16.1-17.6) 17.7 (16.8-18.6) 21.2 (3.1) <0.001
Sex Males 15.1 (14.0-16.1) 14.6 (13.6-15.6) 16.1 (15.0-17.2) 17.4 (16.2-18.7) 18.0 (16.5-19.4) 19.2 (2.9) <0.001
Females 14.1 (13.3-14.9) 14.6 (13.7-15.4) 15.6 (14.7-16.5) 16.3 (15.4-17.2) 17.4 (16.4-18.4) 23.4 (3.3) <0.001
Age (y) 18 - 39 2.4 (1.7-3.1) 2.1 (1.5-2.7) 2.4 (1.6-3.2) 2.1 (1.4-2.8) 2.5 (1.0-4.0) 4.2 (0.1) 0.860
40 - 64 16.2 (15.2-17.3) 15.8 (14.8-16.9) 17.6 (16.5-18.7) 19.0 (17.7-20.3) 18.8 (17.5-20.1) 16.0 (2.6) <0.001
65 and over 34.2 (32.5-35.8) 35.1 (33.5-36.8) 36.6 (35.1-38.2) 38.1 (36.7-39.6) 40.3 (33.8-41.7) 17.8 (6.1) <0.001
SES Low/lowest quintile 15.2 (14.1-16.3) 15.9 (14.8-17.1) 17.4 (16.2-18.6) 18.8 (17.5-20.1) 19.5 (17.9-21.2) 28.3 (4.3) <0.001
Middle quintile 14.9 (13.4-16.3) 15.2 (13.7-16.6) 16.0 (14.5-17.4) 16.7 (15.1-18.4) 17.2 (15.5-18.9) 15.4 (2.3) 0.011
High/highest quintile 13.9 (13.0-14.9) 13.1 (12.1-14.1) 14.5 (13.5-15.5) 15.2 (14.1-16.3) 16.3 (15.1-17.6) 17.3 (2.4) <0.001
Diabetes         
Overall   6.8 (6.4-7.3) 7.2 (6.7-7.7) 7.6 (7.0-8.1) 7.8 (7.3-8.4) 8.1 (7.6-8.7) 19.1 (1.3) <0.001
Sex Males 6.4 (5.7-7.0) 7.1 (6.4-7.8) 8.0 (7.2-8.8) 8.2 (7.4-9.0) 7.8 (7.1-8.6) 21.9 (1.4) <0.001
Females 7.2 (6.6-7.9) 7.3 (6.56-8.0) 7.2 (6.5-7.8) 7.5 (6.8-8.2) 8.4 (7.6-9.2) 16.7 (1.2) 0.021
Age (y) 18 - 39 1.9 (1.4-2.4) 2.2 (1.6-2.8) 2.8 (1.9-3.7) 2.3 (1.5-3.0) 2.3 (1.4-3.1) 21.1 (0.4) 0.262
40 - 64 7.2 (6.4-7.9) 7.0 (6.2-7.7) 7.0 (6.3-7.7) 8.1 (7.2-9.0) 8.0 (7.1-8.8) 11.1 (0.8) 0.019
65 and over 15.5 (14.2-16.8) 17.0 (15.7-18.3) 17.6 (16.4-18.7) 17.1 (15.9-18.2) 18.1 (17.0-19.3) 16.8 (2.6) 0.037
SES Low/lowest quintile 8.2 (7.3-9.0) 9.1 (8.2-10.0) 8.8 (8.0-9.7) 10.0 (9.0-10.9) 9.4 (8.4-10.3) 16.0 (1.3) 0.019
Middle quintile 7.5 (6.4-8.7) 6.6 (5.6-7.5) 7.7 (6.5-9.1) 8.2 (7.0-9.5) 8.3 (7.2-9.5) 10.7 (0.8) 0.069
High/highest quintile 5.4 (4.8-6.1) 5.9 (5.2-6.6) 6.4 (5.7-7.2) 5.8 (5.1-6.5) 7.0 (6.1-7.8) 19.6 (1.6) 0.006