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Table 5 Unadjusted prevalence of multiple risk factors* by age, sex and socio-economic status, 2004 to 2013

From: Ten-year trends in major lifestyle risk factors using an ongoing population surveillance system in Australia

  Year; prevalence, % (95% CI) Relative change % (absolute change) Pvalue for trend
2004-2005 2006-2007 2008-2009 2010-2011 2012-2013
No risk factors (0/8)        
Overall 11.3 (10.6-12.0) 13.1 (12.3-13.9) 13.6 (12.8-14.6) 13.2 (12.4-14.1) 14.0 (13.0-15.1) 23.9 (2.7) <0.001
Sex Males 10.3 (9.3-11.4) 11.4 (10.3-12.6) 12.1 (10.9-13.5) 11.4 (10.3-12.7) 11.3 (10.0-12.7) 9.7 (1.0) 0.287
Females 12.2 (11.3-13.3) 14.8 (13.7-15.9) 15.1 (13.9-16.4) 15.0 (13.8-16.3) 16.7 (15.3-18.3) 36.9 (4.5) <0.001
Age (y) 18 - 39 15.0 (13.5-16.5) 16.6 (15.0-18.4) 19.5 (17.5-21.6) 18.3 (16.5-20.3) 20.6 (18.3-23.1) 37.3 (5.6) <0.001
40 - 64 10.8 (9.8-11.8) 13.1 (12.1-14.2) 11.9 (11.0-13.0) 12.5 (11.3-13.8) 12.5 (11.2-13.8) 15.7 (1.7) 0.137
65 and over 5.2 (4.5-6.1) 6.1 (5.2-7.0) 6.4 (5.6-7.2) 5.7 (5.0-6.4) 6.3 (5.6-7.1) 21.2 (1.1) 0.148
SES Low/lowest quintile 8.6 (7.6-9.7) 9.7 (8.6-10.9) 10.2 (9.0-11.6) 10.2 (9.0-11.6) 10.1 (8.7-11.7) 17.4 (1.5) 0.080
Middle quintile 9.9 (8.5-11.5) 13.1 (11.4-14.9) 11.1 (9.5-13.0) 12.8 (10.9-15.0) 13.5 (11.4-15.8) 36.4 (3.6) 0.020
High/highest quintile 14.1 (10.6-12.0) 15.9 (14.6-17.3) 17.7 (16.1-19.3) 16.0 (14.6-17.4) 17.8 (16.1-19.5) 26.2 (3.7) 0.020
Multiple risk factors (?2/8)        
Overall 62.4 (61.3-63.4) 61.4 (60.3-62.6) 59.3 (58.1-60.5) 60.3 (59.0-61.5) 59.8 (58.3-61.2) -4.2 (-2.6) <0.001
Sex Males 64.3 (62.7-65.9) 64.5 (62.8-66.3) 61.3 (59.4-63.1) 62.3 (60.4-64.1) 63.4 (61.3-65.6) -1.4 (-0.9) 0.062
Females 60.4 (59.0-61.9) 58.3 (56.8-59.9) 57.3 (55.7-58.9) 58.3 (56.7-59.9) 56.2 (54.3-58.0) -7.0 (-4.2) <0.001
Age (y) 18 - 39 53.3 (51.2-55.5) 51.3 (48.9-53.7) 47.5 (44.9-50.1) 46.7 (44.2-49.3) 44.2 (41.0-47.4) -17.1 (-9.1) <0.001
40 - 64 63.7 (62.2-65.2) 63.5 (61.9-65.0) 62.1 (60.6-63.6) 63.9 (62.2-65.6) 64.3 (62.5-66.2) 0.9 (0.6) 0.446
65 and over 76.8 (75.3-78.3) 76.7 (75.2-78.2) 75.3 (73.8-76.7) 76.5 (75.2-77.8) 76.2 (74.9-77.5) -0.8 (-0.6) 0.660
SES Low/lowest quintile 68.3 (66.6-70.1) 67.7 (65.8-69.6) 66.0 (64.1-68.0) 68.2 (66.3-70.1) 66.1 (63.8-68.5) -3.2 (-2.2) 0.107
Middle quintile 63.1 (60.7-65.5) 62.5 (60.0-65.0) 63.2 (60.6-65.8) 61.0 (58.2-63.7) 60.8 (57.7-63.9) -3.6 (-2.3) 0.062
High/highest quintile 57.2 (55.5-58.9) 55.8 (53.9-57.6) 52.0 (50.1-53.9) 53.2 (51.3-55.0) 53.6 (51.4-55.8) -6.3 (-3.6) <0.001
  1. *Respondents who had at least two of the following eight lifestyle risk factors: insufficient physical activity, long-term alcohol consumption, current smoking, under-consumption of fruits and vegetables, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, and obesity.