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Table 2 Life expectancy gains in the US population (in years) by removing risk factors

From: Validation of a new predictive risk model: measuring the impact of the major modifiable risks of death for patients and populations

  Smoking High blood pressure Excess body weight High blood sugar High cholesterol Low physical activity Low nut intake Low vegetable intake Low fruit intake Low omega-3 intake Alcohol intake Inadequate seat belt use Joint effects
Male 3.20 2.50 2.30 1.57 1.33 1.27 0.87 0.76 0.72 0.62 0.58 0.24 9.59
Female 2.39 2.92 2.21 1.38 0.92 1.39 0.72 0.70 0.61 0.54 0.40 0.23 8.98