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Table 3 Mortality and smoking status (2005) for males in the Thai Cohort Study, 2005–2012

From: Smoking, smoking cessation, and 7-year mortality in a cohort of Thai adults

Smoking status (2005) All-causes (to Aug 2012) All causes (till Dec 2010) Causes of death
Cardiovascular Cancer Injury Other
Former 1.2 [0.9–1.5] 1.1 [0.9–1.5] 1.6 [0.7–3.4] 1.0 [0.5–1.8] 0.8 [0.5–1.3] 1.6 [1.0–2.6]
Current 1.8 [1.4–2.3] 1.8 [1.3–2.3] 3.9 [1.8–8.1] 0.9 [0.4–2.0] 1.7 [1.1–2.6] 1.8 [1.1–3.0]
Former light smokers 0.9 [0.7–1.2] -- -- -- -- --
Former medium smokers 1.5 [1.0–2.1] -- -- -- -- --
Former heavy smokers 1.7 [1.2–2.5] -- -- -- -- --
Current light smokers 1.6 [1.2–2.2] -- -- -- -- --
Current medium smokers 1.9 [1.4–2.7] -- -- -- -- --
Current heavy smokers 2.4 [1.6–3.6] -- -- -- -- --
  1. Hazard ratios compare mortality over the follow-up period by baseline smoking status (reference category ‘never smoker’ at baseline in 2005). Models adjusted for birth year, monthly income, urban or rural residence in 2005, health insurance coverage, alcohol drinking, physical activities, body mass index, and self-reported health