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Table 2 Cause of death in children (both sexes), Vanuatu 2000–2007

From: Causes of death in Vanuatu

Cause of death by age group Hospital deaths Community health facility deaths National weighteda proportional mortality %
Hospital separations Medical certificates
No. % No. % No. %
Age 0–4 years  
 Infection, parasitic, including 18 12.4 21 5.5 58 18.6 14.2
Diarrhea 4 2.8 8 2.1 23 7.4 5.6
Malaria 7 4.8 5 1.3 29 9.3 6.6
 Endocrine, metabolic, nutrition 4 2.8 12 3.1 14 4.5 4.0
 Nervous system 7 4.8 5 1.3 7 2.3 2.0
 Respiratory system, including 14 9.7 31 8.1 63 20.3 16.2
Pneumonia 10 6.9 17 4.4 51 16.4 12.4
 Perinatal disorders, including 71 49.0 232 60.6 115 37.0 44.9
Complications of pregnancy, childbirth 3 2.1 41 10.7 40 12.9 12.2
Low birth weight 34 23.4 84 21.9 24 7.7 12.4
Intra-uterine hypoxia, birth asphyxia 16 11.0 55 14.4 5 1.6 5.9
 Congenital disorders 13 9.0 41 10.7 19 6.1 7.6
 All other diseases 2 4.8 3 5.7 2 5.5 5.6
 External causes 7 2.8 22 3.1 17 4.5 4.0
 Total specific cause 0–4 years 145 100.0 383 100.0 311 100.0 100.0
Ill-defined excluded 2 1.4 8 2.0 90 22.4 15.6
Age 5–14 years  
 Infection, parasitic, including 8 22.9 8 22.2 13 23.6 23.4
Malaria 4 11.4 5 13.9 10 18.2 17.5
 Neoplasms 4 11.4 3 8.3 6 10.9 10.5
 Blood 1 2.9 2 5.4 3 4.1 4.3
 Endocrine, metabolic, nutrition 4 11.4 0 0.0 1 1.8 1.5
 Nervous system, including 4 11.4 7 19.4 5 9.1 10.7
Meningitis 3 8.6 6 16.7 1 1.8 4.1
 Circulatory system 5 14.3 1 2.8 6 10.9 9.7
 Respiratory system 1 2.9 2 5.6 4 7.3 7.0
 Digestive system 0 0.0 1 2.8 4 7.3 6.6
 Congenital disorders 3 8.6 1 2.8 0 0.0 0.4
 All other diseases 1 2.9 4 11.1 0 0.0 1.7
 External causes 1 2.9 7 19.4 13 23.6 23.0
 Total specific cause 5–14 years 35 100.0 36 100.0 55 100.0 100.0
Ill-defined excluded 3 8.6 1 2.7 18 24.7 21.3
  1. Cause of death according to ICDv10 General Mortality List 1 for Chapters and causes of interest with sufficient deaths. Proportional mortality by cause calculated excluding (1–094) ill-defined and unknown. Hospital deaths: Hospital Separations (HS) as deceased. Medical Certificate (MC) of death. Community Health Facility (CHF): reporting of deaths (excluding hospitals).
  2. aVanuatu national proportional mortality by cause weighted by data sources (MC and CHF) for age groups