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Table 10 Between- and within-group variance and its distribution by country groups in selected years

From: Disparities in length of life across developed countries: measuring and decomposing changes over time within and between country groups

  Males Females
  1970 1984 1994 2004 2010a 1970 1984 1994 2004 2010a
Total cross-country variance, years squared 3.89 10.91 27.27 27.28 23.59 2.29 4.81 9.36 9.20 7.86
Between-group variance, years squared 0.99 8.76 24.78 24.08 20.69 0.42 3.38 7.76 6.68 5.56
  EME, % 29.3 30.5 27.6 27.0 28.2 15.6 33.3 30.1 29.2 30.2
  CEE, % 8.7 11.8 5.4 4.5 6.4 83.0 32.6 10.7 8.5 11.2
  FSU, % 62.0 57.7 67.0 68.5 65.4 1.5 34.0 59.2 62.4 58.6
Between-group standard deviation, years 0.99 2.96 4.98 4.91 4.55 0.65 1.84 2.79 2.58 2.36
Within-group variance, years squared 2.90 2.15 2.49 3.20 2.90 1.87 1.43 1.61 2.53 2.30
  EME, % 80.0 71.6 46.6 34.7 29.9 92.7 84.9 67.8 51.4 47.1
  CEE, % 7.2 16.2 21.9 26.6 32.4 1.8 6.0 16.1 20.6 22.0
  FSU, % 12.9 12.2 31.5 38.7 37.8 5.5 9.1 16.1 28.0 30.9
Within-group standard deviation, years 1.70 1.46 1.58 1.79 1.70 1.37 1.20 1.27 1.59 1.52
  1. Note: aAs in Table 1