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Table 2 Between- and within-group variance and its distribution by country groups in selected years

From: Disparities in length of life across developed countries: measuring and decomposing changes over time within and between country groups

  Males Females
  1970 1984 1994 2004 2010a 1970 1984 1994 2004 2010a
Total cross-country variance, years squared 4.18 16.03 37.12 41.61 30.83 0.99 6.09 14.18 16.51 12.77
Between-group variance, years squared 2.35 14.12 34.24 39.22 28.97 0.3 5.23 12.32 13.19 9.95
  EME, % 22.7 25.4 23.4 20.7 20.5 26.0 28.9 25.8 22.4 22.2
  CEE, % 0.4 3.9 1.6 0.8 1.8 53.5 11.0 3.0 0.8 1.6
  FSU, % 76.9 70.7 75.0 78.5 77.7 20.5 60.1 71.2 76.8 76.2
Between-group standard deviation, years 1.53 3.76 5.85 6.26 5.38 0.55 2.29 3.51 3.63 3.16
Within-group variance, years squared 1.83 1.91 2.88 2.40 1.86 0.69 0.86 1.87 3.31 2.82
  EME, % 64.0 70.5 55.3 60.4 69.7 84.3 82.3 82.0 87.4 90.0
  CEE, % 4.9 8.4 7.8 14.0 19.7 1.9 4.3 5.6 5.6 5.9
  FSU, % 31.1 21.1 36.9 25.6 10.6 13.8 13.4 12.4 7.0 4.0
Within-group standard deviation, years 1.34 1.38 1.66 1.53 1.34 0.81 0.92 1.36 1.79 1.63
  1. Note: aYears in the range 2008–2010 depending on availability (see Appendix 3)