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Table 4 Age components of the total, between-group, and within-group standard deviation change by time periods (in years)

From: Disparities in length of life across developed countries: measuring and decomposing changes over time within and between country groups

  Males Females
  1970–1984 1984–1994 1994–2004 2004–2010a 1970–1984 1984–1994 1994–2004 2004–2010a
Across all countries
All ages: 1.96 2.09 0.36 −0.90 1.47 1.30 0.30 −0.49
  0–14 0.28 0.02 −0.26 −0.12 0.11 −0.01 −0.17 −0.09
  15–64 1.09 1.57 0.18 −0.88 0.59 0.64 0.07 −0.35
  65+ 0.60 0.50 0.44 0.10 0.78 0.67 0.40 −0.05
Between-group
All ages: 2.23 2.09 0.41 −0.88 1.74 1.22 0.12 −0.48
  0–14 0.35 0.03 −0.26 −0.11 0.24 0.01 −0.19 −0.09
  15–64 1.26 1.55 0.25 −0.88 0.65 0.64 0.08 −0.36
  65+ 0.61 0.51 0.43 0.11 0.85 0.57 0.24 −0.02
Within-group
All ages: 0.03 0.31 −0.15 −0.19 0.09 0.44 0.45 −0.14
  0–14 −0.07 −0.05 −0.02 −0.03 −0.14 −0.04 0.01 −0.02
  15–64 −0.05 0.31 −0.22 −0.12 0.07 0.11 −0.02 −0.06
  65+ 0.15 0.06 0.09 −0.03 0.16 0.37 0.46 −0.07
  1. Note: aYears in the range 2008–2010 depending on availability (see Appendix 3)