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Table 7 Life expectancy at birth in selected years (in years)

From: Disparities in length of life across developed countries: measuring and decomposing changes over time within and between country groups

  Males Females
  1970 1984 1994 2004 2010 1970 1984 1994 2004 2010
Established market economies 68.18 72.08 73.91 76.56 77.90 74.75 78.75 80.43 82.18 83.13
Australiaa 67.48 72.66 74.98 78.45 79.73 74.29 79.21 80.89 83.29 84.17
Austria 66.49 69.96 73.10 76.41 77.71 73.42 77.14 79.61 82.09 83.13
Belgium 67.82 70.92 73.34 75.96 77.38 74.13 77.76 79.97 81.82 82.63
Canadaa 69.34 73.01 74.87 77.70 79.02 76.30 79.79 80.89 82.45 83.40
Denmark 70.87 71.63 72.74 75.13 77.11 75.94 77.61 78.06 79.78 81.29
England & Wales 68.89 71.86 74.17 76.89 78.62 75.19 77.72 79.45 81.21 82.53
Finlanda 66.15 70.47 72.79 75.30 76.51 74.41 78.76 80.13 82.24 83.12
France 68.38 71.13 73.64 76.69 78.06 75.82 79.35 81.88 83.86 84.71
Iceland 70.70 74.75 77.09 78.93 79.73 77.24 80.19 81.31 82.91 83.78
Irelanda 68.57 70.88 73.04 76.07 77.26 73.31 76.53 78.63 81.02 82.22
Italya 68.70 72.12 74.47 78.08 79.21 74.55 78.75 81.02 83.77 84.21
Japan 69.32 74.62 76.60 78.61 79.56 74.69 80.30 82.94 85.59 86.34
Luxembourga 66.35 69.54 73.13 75.91 78.05 72.91 76.55 79.41 82.14 82.88
Netherlandsa 70.82 72.95 74.56 76.87 78.55 76.52 79.67 80.28 81.41 82.63
New Zealandb 68.15 71.16 74.15 77.33 78.39 74.49 77.67 79.66 81.42 82.33
Northern Ireland 67.73 70.35 73.17 76.00 77.16 73.67 76.73 78.64 80.71 81.69
Norwaya 70.98 72.91 74.86 77.49 78.62 77.31 79.49 80.62 82.30 83.03
Portugal 63.90 69.36 72.13 74.92 76.73 70.15 76.44 79.25 81.77 83.04
Scotland 67.13 69.86 72.09 74.25 76.15 73.42 75.89 77.69 79.38 80.61
Spain 69.31 73.20 74.48 76.99 79.01 74.87 79.68 81.71 83.67 85.03
Sweden 72.24 73.82 76.05 78.33 79.50 77.22 79.92 81.34 82.61 83.44
Switzerland 70.02 73.34 75.13 78.46 80.04 76.16 80.02 81.70 83.49 84.37
United States of America 67.02 71.12 72.40 75.02 76.37 74.68 78.18 79.06 80.10 81.20
West Germany 67.32 71.24 73.51 76.54 77.92 73.65 77.89 79.80 81.94 82.72
Central and Eastern Europe 67.00 67.32 67.98 71.27 72.46 73.06 74.68 76.19 79.03 79.94
Bulgaria 69.11 68.34 67.16 69.01 70.28 73.51 74.37 74.73 76.18 77.22
Czech Republic 66.02 67.28 69.45 72.59 74.41 73.00 74.44 76.58 79.18 80.62
East Germany 68.12 69.62 70.69 75.27 76.69 73.31 75.39 78.16 81.73 82.60
Hungarya 66.32 64.95 64.96 68.70 70.18 72.10 73.10 74.41 77.14 78.20
Polanda 66.44 66.82 67.44 70.61 71.48 73.14 74.92 76.05 79.18 79.90
Slovakiaa 66.66 66.73 68.25 70.32 71.36 72.94 74.84 76.44 78.03 78.95
Former Soviet Union 64.26 62.67 58.97 59.98 63.46 73.88 73.41 71.75 72.86 74.95
Belarus 67.92 65.42 63.41 63.11 64.57 76.04 75.49 74.36 74.96 76.45
Estonia 65.47 64.57 60.62 66.40 70.57 74.55 74.26 72.95 77.92 80.49
Latvia 65.64 64.05 58.71 65.58 67.42 74.25 74.44 72.21 76.02 77.38
Lithuania 66.84 65.35 62.53 66.28 67.52 75.08 75.53 74.75 77.72 78.73
Russian Federation 63.09 61.68 57.39 58.83 62.90 73.47 72.95 71.06 72.27 74.73
Ukrainea 66.52 64.59 62.36 61.96 64.32 74.48 74.08 72.93 73.58 74.79
All countries 67.31 69.85 70.59 73.27 75.10 74.42 77.29 78.33 80.18 81.41
Max-min range 9.14 13.07 19.70 20.10 17.15 7.16 7.35 11.88 13.31 11.60
Standard deviation 2.04 4.00 6.09 6.45 5.55 1.00 2.47 3.77 4.06 3.57
  1. Note: aData of 2009 used as the last point; bData of 2008 used as the last point