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Table 1 Subject characteristics, overall and by ethnic subgroup (N = 5641)

From: Ethnic differences in prevalence and risk factors for hypertension in the Suriname Health Study: a cross sectional population study

Characteristics Overall Amerindian Creole Hindustani Javanese Maroon Mixed
N = 5641 N = 427 N = 677 N = 1315 N = 923 N = 1377 N = 817
Men % (95 % CI) 49.7(48.4-51) 37.6(31.7-44) 54.4(50.6-58.2) 52.8(50.4-55.2) 51.2(47.7-54.6) 43.2(40.3-46.2) 46.3(43.1-49.6)
Age in years, median (95 % range) 35.0(15.0-62.0) 35.0(16.0-62.0) 36.0(16-62) 37.0(16.0-62.0) 40.0(15.0-62.2) 30.0(15.0-61.0) 32.0(15.0-62.0))
Education % (95 % CI)
 Low 53(51.7-54.3) 78.6(73-83.5) 37.5(33.8-41.4) 54.3(51.8-56.7) 53.3(49.8-56.8) 77.3(74.7-79.8) 34.8(31.7-38.0)
 Middle 27.9(26.7-29.1) 17.8(13.2-23.1) 34.8(31.1-38.6) 27.9(25.7-30.1) 32(28.8-35.4) 14.1(12.1-16.4) 35.4(32.3-38.6)
 High 19.1(18.1-20.2) 3.6(1.7-6.8) 27.7(24.4-31.4) 17.9(16.1-19.8) 14.7(12.4-17.4) 8.5(7-10.4) 29.8(26.9-32.9)
Income % (95 % CI)
  < SRD 800/month 33.6(32-35.2) 54.7(46-63) 23.0(19.0-27.6) 30.9(28.0-34.0) 23.9(20.3-27.9) 58.3(54.4-62) 23.4(19.9-27.3)
 SRD 800-1499/month 33.9(32.3-35.5) 26.4(19.3-34.4) 39.9(35.0-45.0) 37.6(34.6-40.8) 37.8(33.6-42.2) 27.6(24.3-31.2) 28.3(24.6-32.4)
 SRD 1500-2199/month 15(13.8-16.3) 7.2(3.5-12.7) 16.2(12.8-20.4) 17.2(14.9-19.7) 19.4(16.1-23.2) 7.5(5.6-9.8) 16.8(13.7-20.3)
 SRD 2200/month 17.5(16.2-18.8) 11.7(6.7-17.9) 20.9(17.0-25.3) 14.3(12.2-16.7) 18.9(15.6-22.6) 6.7(5.0-8.9) 31.5(27.6-35.7)
Area % (95 % CI)
 Urban coastal 75.5(74.3-76.6) 31.2(25.4-37.2) 85.8(82.9-88.3) 83.9(82-85.6) 70.7(67.4-56.8) 52.3(49.2-55.3) 85.4(83-38)
 Rural coastal 16.1(15.1-17) 32(26.1-38) 14.1(11.7-17) 16.1(14.4-18) 29.3(26.2-35.4) 6.9(5.5-8.7) 14.3(12.2-38.6)
 Rural interior 8.5(7.8-9.2) 36.9(30.9-43.2) 0(0-0.7) 0(0-0.3) 0(0-17.4) 40.8(37.9-43.8) 0.3(0.1-32.9)
Living with partner % (95 % CI) 51.7(50.4-53) 66(59.7-71.7) 32.3(28.8-36) 60.4(58-62.7) 70.7(67.4-73.8) 40.1(37.2-43.1) 44(40.8-47.2)
Working or studying % (95 % CI) 69(67.8-70.2) 44.3(38.2-50.8) 78.7(75.4-81.6) 67.8(65.5-70) 71.9(68.7-74.9) 58.7(55.7-61.6) 77.2(74.3-79.8)
Smoking % (95 % CI) 14.7(13.8-15.6) 5.3(2.8-8.7) 19.1(16.2-22.3) 16.2(14.5-18.1) 20.2(17.5-23.1) 6.5(5.1-8.2) 14(11.9-16.4)
Recommended physical activity % (95 % CI) 64.3(62.9-65.6) 66.3(59.1-73.1) 69.6(65.7-73.3) 65.4(63-67.8) 60(56.3-63.5) 59.2(55.9-62.5) 65.6(62.2-68.8)
Body mass index, kg/m2, median (95 % range) 25.7(25.6-25.9) 26.7(18.4-40.7) 25.5(17.6-41.0) 26.3(17.1-39.1) 26.1(17.8-40.1) 24.9(17.5-41.3) 25.8(17.2-39.8)
Waist circumference, cm, mean (SD) 87.3(15.6) 90.0(14.4) 88.2(16.3) 89.4(15.7) 86.0(14.9) 84.6(15.0) 86.4(16.0)
Systolic blood pressure, mmHg, mean (SD) 119.0(19.3) 117.3(18.6) 122.4(19.7) 119.1(19.3) 119.3(19.5) 118.4(18.9) 117.5(19.5)
Diastolic blood pressure, mmHg, mean (SD) 78.6(12.7) 76.3(11.4) 79.4(13.2) 79.6(12.3) 79.4(13.0) 77.3(13.2) 77.4(12.2)
  1. The values are estimated means (standard deviation, SD), medians (range) or proportions (confidence interval, CI) and are based on weighted data. The sample weights included population adjustment weights for sex and age. For analysis on the overall population, additional adjustment weights for ethnicity were included. The sample of the overall population included the presented ethnic subgroups (n = 5536) plus other unspecified ethnicities (n = 105)