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Table 5 Adjusted risk of hypertension between ethnic groups

From: Ethnic differences in prevalence and risk factors for hypertension in the Suriname Health Study: a cross sectional population study

  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4
OR (CI) OR (CI) OR (CI) OR (CI)
Hindustani 1 1 1 1
Creole 1.0(0.8-1.2) 1.0(0.7-1.3) 1.0(0.8-1.2) 1.0(0.8-1.3)
Javanese 0.9(0.7-1.1) 0.8(0.1-1.0)* 0.9(0.7-1.1) 1.0(0.8-1.2)
Mixed 0.8(0.7-1.0) 0.9(0.7-1.2) 0.8(0.6-1.0) 0.9(0.7-1.1)
Maroon 0.9(0.7-1.0) 0.9(0.6-1.2) 0.8(0.7-1.0) 0.8(0.7-1.0)
Amerindian 0.7(0.6-1)* 0.5(0.4-0.8)* 0.7(0.5-1.0) 0.7(0.5-0.9)*
  1. *P < 0.05
  2. Model 1 is the basic multivariate model adjusted for sex and age
  3. Model 2 is adjusted for variables in model 1 plus demographic factors like living area, marital status, education, income, and working status
  4. Model 3 is adjusted for variables in model 1 plus lifestyle factors like smoking and physical activity
  5. Model 4 is adjusted for variables in model 1 plus anthropometric measures like body mass index and waist circumference