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Table 2 Cause specific under-5 mortality rates/100,000 population for both sexes in Ethiopia, 1990–2013

From: Trends, causes, and risk factors of mortality among children under 5 in Ethiopia, 1990–2013: findings from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013

Cause of death or injury 1990 2013
Rank Mortality rate/100,000 Lower UI Upper UI Rank Mortality rate/100,000 Lower UI Upper UI Median %Change 1990–2013
Lower respiratory infections 1 747.13 360.99 1090.91 1 270.62 163.08 387.19 −0.64
Diarrheal diseases 3 640.25 205.52 1042.36 2 156.40 64.21 257.15 −0.76
Preterm birth complications 5 327.21 217.78 458.98 3 143.16 88.83 201.66 −0.56
Neonatal encephalopathy due to birth asphyxia and trauma 6 323.85 209.21 458.69 4 121.43 75.25 175.19 −0.63
Neonatal sepsis and other neonatal infections 9 192.10 101.28 305.83 5 113.31 65.51 186.76 −0.41
Malaria 4 435.17 147.25 827.19 6 107.58 42.88 204.27 −0.75
Whooping cough 8 213.41 0.30 1030.06 7 100.16 0.18 406.44 −0.53
Measles 2 716.98 30.15 2313.28 8 87.10 2.74 433.88 −0.88
Congenital anomalies 12 158.87 69.25 383.39 9 82.84 50.83 139.11 −0.48
Other neonatal disorders 11 165.04 98.34 280.19 10 70.93 39.21 115.49 −0.57
Protein-energy malnutrition 7 238.58 52.12 450.43 11 67.63 26.52 114.93 −0.72
Sexually transmitted diseases excluding HIV 13 11.69 49.77 218.89 12 62.99 29.68 113.23 −0.46
Meningitis 10 190.98 72.36 342.00 13 52.09 26.88 85.66 −0.73
HIV/AIDS 21 20.05 14.17 28.11 14 16.67 12.82 21.23 −0.17
Tubercolosis 16 56.45 22.15 97.05 15 12.25 6.48 19.43 −0.78
Iron-deficiency anemia 15 64.03 10.19 153.72 16 11.07 2.76 25.82 −0.83
Intestinal infectious diseases 24 11.58 2.35 22.96 17 10.15 3.29 19.56 −0.12
Road injuries 19 25.60 5.44 49.26 18. 9.45 3.45 17.50 −0.63
Drowning 20 22.71 6.41 44.23 19 8.85 3.73 20.09 −0.61
Tetanus 17 46.53 26.17 113.78 20 8.60 4.78 15.40 −0.82
Fire, Heat, and hot substances 18 26.11 5.54 52.89 21 8.60 3.42 17.24 −0.67
Exposure to mechanical forces 25 11.15 4.59 20.38 22 7.48 2.88 18.55 −0.33
Hemoglobinopathies and hemolytic anemias 22 16.68 2.23 39.55 23 5.98 2.18 11.19 −0.64
Other neoplasms 31 7.65 3.04 16.47 24 5.56 2.68 8.62 −0.27
Other infectious diseases 23 13.40 5.87 24.67 25 4.84 2.47 8.79 −0.64
Collective violence and legal intervention 14 86.87 86.21 87.56