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Table 5 Effects of changes in values of parameters of the CoDe model on change in life expectancy at birth between 1950 and 1980, and between 1980 and 2010

From: A new parametric model to assess delay and compression of mortality

  France Japan US Denmark
women men women men women men women men
1950–1980
Total change in life expectancy at birth due to 9.22 6.73 17.84 15.79 6.45 4.58 5.66 2.07
 delay of mortality (changed in M) 4.81 2.57 6.54 6.37 4.62 2.73 4.33 −1.78
 changed in mortality
  in young age 3.93 3.48 11.48 10.75 1.68 1.15 1.90 1.75
  in middle age 0.69 0.62 −0.04 −1.15 0.37 0.88 −0.48 1.53
  above modal age at death −0.13 0.00 −0.44 −0.36 −0.18 −0.15 −0.01 0.61
unexplained −0.08 0.05 0.29 0.18 −0.04 −0.02 −0.07 −0.05
1980–2010
Total change in life expectancy at birth due to 6.30 7.88 7.59 6.18 3.73 6.38 4.14 5.94
 delay of mortality (changed in M) 4.94 7.74 7.19 5.61 3.18 7.49 2.38 5.99
 changed in mortality
  in young age 1.25 1.88 0.68 1.08 0.76 1.93 0.59 1.75
  in middle age 0.07 −0.91 −0.29 −0.37 0.05 −2.19 1.20 −1.07
  above modal age at death −0.31 −0.43 −0.15 −0.13 −0.24 −0.66 0.00 −0.49
unexplained 0.34 −0.40 0.16 −0.01 −0.02 −0.19 −0.04 −0.24