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Table 4 Major specific causes of death by climate zones and year, Dabat Demographic and Health Surveillance Site, northwest Ethiopia, 2007–2013

From: Tuberculosis and HIV are the leading causes of adult death in northwest Ethiopia: evidence from verbal autopsy data of Dabat health and demographic surveillance system, 2007–2013

Specific cause of death 2007–2010 2011–2013 2007–2013
Highland Midland Lowland Highland Midland Lowland
Number (%) Number (%) Number (%) Number (%) Number (%) Number (%) Number (%)
Tuberculosis 83 (21.1) 17 (29.3) 25 (23.6) 46 (13.8) 21 (29) 15 (13) 207 (19.1)
HIV/AIDS 46 (11.7) 8 (13.8) 7 (6.6) 26 (7.8) 3 (4.1) 6 (5.0) 96 (8.9)
Cerebrovascular disease 17 (4.3) 2 (3.4) 2 (1.9) 30 (9.0) 3 (4.1) 5 (4.2%) 59 (5.5)
Meningitis 23 (5.9) 3 (5.2) 4 (3.8) 13 (3.9) 2 (2.7) 6 (5.0) 51 (4.7)
Unspecified causes of death 21 (5.3) 2 (3.4) 4 (3.8) 17 (5.1) 2 (2.7) 4 (3.4) 50 (4.6)
Renal failure 18 (4.6) 2 (3.4) 4 (3.8) 14 (4.2) 4 (5.5) 4 (3.4) 46 (4.3)
Congestive heart failure 15 (3.8) 3 (5.2) 0 19 (5.7) 5 (6.8) 3 (2.5) 45 (4.2)
Acute lower respiratory infections 16 (4.1) 1 (1.7) 5 (4.7) 13 (3.9) 3 (4.1) 5 (4.2) 43 (4.0)
Intestinal infectious diseases 12 (3.1) 4 (6.9) 7 (6.6) 3 (0.9) 1 (1.4) 6 (5.0) 33 (3.0)
Malaria/leishmaniasis 12 (3.1) 0 7 (6.6) 1 (0.3) 1 (1.4) 6 (5.0) 27 (2.5)
Meningitis 12(3.1) 3 (5.2) 1 (0.9) 5 (1.5) 3 (4.1) 1(0.8) 25 (2.3)
Hypertensive diseases 9 (2.3) 2 (3.4) 0 9 (2.7) 2 (2.7) 0 22 (2.0)
Intentional self-harm 5 (1.3) 1 (1.7) 1 (0.9) 7 (2.1) 4 (5.5) 3 (2.5) 21 (1.9)
Assault 3 (0.8) 0 5 (4.7) 5 (1.5) 0 4 (3.4) 17 (1.6)
Intestinal obstruction 5 (1.3) 2 (3.4) 7 (6.6) 1 (0.3) 1 (6.7) 1 (0.8) 17 (1.6)
Accidental fall 7 (1.8) 0 2 (1.9) 2 (0.6) 0 4 (5.8) 15 (1.4)
Acute abdomen 6 (1.5) 2 (3.4) 0 5 (1.5) 1 (6.7) 1 (0.8) 15 (1.4)
Gastric and duodenal ulcer 4 (1.0) 0 1 (0.9) 7 (2.1) 1 (6.7) 1 (0.8) 14 (1.3)
Chronic liver disease 5 (1.3) 0 0 5 (1.5) 0 3 (2.5) 13 (1.2)
Infectious diseases, unspecified 3 (0.8) 0 3 (2.8) 2 (0.6) 1 (6.7) 3 (2.5) 12 (1.1)
Accidental drowning and submersion 5 (1.5) 0 2 (1.9) 1(0.3) 0 3 (2.5) 11 (1.0)
Asthma 5 (1.5) 1 (1.7%)) 0 4(1.2) 0 1 (0.8) 11 (1.0)
Other specified disorders of the nervous system 4 (1.0) 1 (1.7%) 0 5 (1.5) 0 1 (0.8) 11 (1.0)
Malignant neoplasm of esophagus 0 0 0 7 (2.1) 0 3 (2.5) 10 (0.9)
Diabetes mellitus 3 (0.8) 0 0 4 (1.2) 0 2 (1.7) 9 (0.8)
Ischemic heart disease 3 (0.8) 0 1 (0.9) 5 (1.5) 0 0 9 (0.8)
others causes of deatha 51 (13.0) 4 (6.9) 18 (17.0) 77 (23.1) 15 (20.5) 28 (23.5) 193 (17.8)
Total 393 (36) 58 (5.3) 106 (9.8) 333 (30.8) 73 (6.7) 119 (11) 1082 (100)
  1. aOther causes of death: Contact with venomous animals and plants; malignant neoplasm of breast; other specified events, undetermined intention; pedestrian injured in traffic accident; postpartum hemorrhage; war deaths; accident, unspecified; other specified neoplasms; puerperal sepsis