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Table 5 Factors associated with communicable diseases, non-communicable diseases and external causes of adult deaths in northern Ethiopia, 2007–2013

From: Tuberculosis and HIV are the leading causes of adult death in northwest Ethiopia: evidence from verbal autopsy data of Dabat health and demographic surveillance system, 2007–2013

Covariate Level No
Number (%)
Yes
Number (%)
Crude odds ratio (95% CI) Adjusted odds ratio (95% CI)
Communicable diseases
 Sex Female 276 (49.0) 288 (55.4) 1.3 (1.0, 1.6) 1.4 (1.1, 1. 8)
Male 287 (51.0) 231 (44.6) 1 1
 Residence Urban 189 (33.6) 148 (28.5) 1 1
Rural 374 (66.4) 371 (71.5) 1.3 (1.0 1.6) 1.5 (1.1; 2.1)
 Age group 15–24 years 71 (12.6) 51 (9.8) 1 1
25–49 years 128 (22.7) 145 (27.9) 1.6 (1.0; 2.4) 1.6 (1.0; 2.5)
> = 50 years 364 (64.7) 323 (62.2) 1.2 (0.8; 1.8) 1.3 (0.9; 2.0)
 Education Uneducated 405 (71.9) 379 (73.0) 1 1
1–4 76 (13.5) 62 (11.9) 0.9 (0.6; 1.3) 1.0 (0.7;1.5)
5–8 42 (7.5) 30 (5.8) 0.8 (0.5: 1.2) 0.9 (0.5;1.6)
9–12 35(6.2) 36 (6.9) 1.1 (0.7; 1.8) 1.6 (0.85;3.02)
12+ 5 (0.9) 12 (2.3) 2.6 (0.9; 7.4) 3.4 (1.1;10.1)
 Climatic zone Mid-lowland 111 (19.7) 103 (19.8) 1  
Highland 452 (80.3) 416 (80.2) 1.0 (0.7; 1.3) 1.1 (0.8;1.5)
Non-communicable diseases
 Sex Female 361 (51.2) 176 (54.0) 1 1
Male 344 (49.8) 150 (46.0) 0.9 (0.7; 1.2) 0.9 (0.7; 1.2)
 Residence Urban 192 (27.2) 128 (39.3) 1.7 (1.3, 2.3) 1.7 (1.2, 2.4)
Rural 513 (72.8) 198 (59.7) 1 1
 Age group 15–24 years 91 (12.9) 28 (8.6) 1  
25–49 years 209 (29.6) 56 (17.2) 0.9 (0.5;1.5) 0.8 (0.5; 1.3)
> = 50 years 405 (57.4) 242 (74.2) 1.9 (1.2;3.1) 1.8 (1.1; 3.0)
 Education Uneducated 501 (71.1) 239 (73.3) 1  
1–4 94 (13.3) 41 (12.6) 0.8 (0.6; 1.4) 1.0 (0.6;1.5)
5–8 45 (6.4) 26 (8.0) 1.2 (0.7; 2.0) 1.5 (0.9; 2.7)
9–12 53 (7.5) 15 (4.6) 0.6 (0.3; 1.1) 0.6 (0.3;1.2)
12+ 12 (1.7) 5 (1.5) 0.9 (0.3; 2.5) 0.7 (0.2; 2.2)
 Climatic zone Mid- and lowland 158 (22.4) 47 (14.4) 1 1
Highland 547 (71.6) 279 (85.6) 1.7 (1.2;2.5) 1.4 (0.9; 2.0)
External causes
 Sex Female 540(55.7) 24 (21.2) 1  
Male 429(54.3) 89 (78.8) 4.7 (2.9; 7.5) 4.5(2.8; 7.4)
 Residence Urban 316(32.6) 21 (18.6) 1  
Rural 653(67.4) 92 (81.4) 2.1 (1.3; 3.5) 1.7 (0.9; 3.2)
 Age group 15–24 years 93 (9.6) 29 (25.6) 4.7 (2.8, 7.8) 3.9 (2.2, 7.1)
25–49 years 232 (23.9) 41 (36.3) 2.6 (1.7, 4.2) 2.6 (1.7, 4.3)
> = 50 years 644 (66.5) 43 (38.1) 1 1
 Education Uneducated 720 (74.3) 64 (56.6) 1  
1–4 114 (11.8) 24 (21.2) 2.4 (1.4; 3.9) 1.3 (0.7;2.2)
5–8 59 (6.1) 13 (11.5) 2.5 (1.3; 4.8) 1.5 (0.7; 3.1)
9+ 76 (7.8) 12 (10.6) 1.8 (.9; 3.4) 1.3 (0.6; 3.0)
 Climatic zone Mid- and lowland 175 (18.1) 39 (34.5) 1 1
Highland 794 (81.9) 74 (65.5) 0.4 (0.3; 0.7) 0.5 (0.3; 0.9)