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Table 2 Age-standardized YLLs and YLDs rate per 100,000 peoples for both sexes and all age groups for 20 leading causes of DALYs in Ethiopia in 2015. *excluding HIV/AIDS and other causes

From: National disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) for 257 diseases and injuries in Ethiopia, 1990–2015: findings from the global burden of disease study 2015

Disease and injuries Age-standardized YLL rates Age-standardized YLD rates
  1990 2015 % change 1990 2015 % change
Lower respiratory infections 8668.2 (5688.1–10,930.2) 2987.2 (2165.5–4017.9) −66% 15.4 (10.4–21.7) 10.8 (7.3–15.3) −30%
Diarrheal diseases 10,530.6 (7001.5–13,496.6) 2405.2 (1676.8–3309.1) −77% 264 (181.9–361.6) 187.3 (129.3–257) −29%
Tuberculosis 7642.2 (5246.6–10,078.8) 2502.3 (1410.4–4151.9) −67% 109.8 (74–147.8) 60.6 (40.8–83.1) −45%
Ischemic heart disease 3931.6 (3286.5–4694.5) 2380.3 (1446.5–3680) −39% 133.7 (88.7–186.9) 155.4 (103.2–214.9) 16%
Cerebrovascular disease 3967 (3277.3–4729.8) 2014.9 (1224.4–3086.3) −49% 120.3 (83.4–159.9) 145 (101.6–193.5) 21%
Sense organ diseases 0 0 0 1246.0 (880.6–1694.6) 1273.0 (902.4–1725.8) 2%
Congenital birth defects 1353.2 (768.6–2121.7) 1035.2 (508.6–1410.4) −23% 60.5 (32.1–108.5) 76.7 (45.2–127.8) 27%
Diabetes mellitus 1047.8 (840.2–1295.7) 692.4 (415–1096.1) −34% 366.9 (252.6–500.3) 413.3 (279.5–558.7) 13%
Low back and neck pain 0 0 0 722.0 (513.9–992.1) 756.1 (536.3–1044.8) 5%
Depressive disorders 0 0 0 937.1 (629.4–1274.3) 912.3 (614.4–1254.6) −3%
Neonatal encephalopathy 1911.4 (1052.5–2917.3) 950.1 (537–1428.4) −50% 62 (35.1–98.1) 80.6 (46.7–127.5) 30%
Meningitis 2779.7 (1603.5–4178.8) 918.3 (613.3–1317.3) −67% 73.0 (50.9–95.9) 66.9 (47.0–88.4) −8%
Other cardiovascular diseases 1529.7 (1208.8–1877.3) 676.5 (417.7–1066.2) −56% 130.0 (75.5–207.9) 142.2 (84.1–222.4) 9%
Skin diseases 0 0 0 639.8 (415.4–952.2) 643.9 (417.3–962.7) 1%
Road injuries 1575.1 (1138.4–2027.6) 752.8 (468.9–1229.9) −52% 34.7 (24.5–46.7) 30.5 (21.6–40.9) −12%
Neonatal preterm 1853.8 (999.7–2666.8) 750.3 (426.5–1127.9) −60% 15.0 (10.4–21.8) 20.7 (14.5–27.9) 38%
Neonatal sepsis 1183.4 (512.4–2316.9) 749.1 (352.7–1306.2) −37% 0.3 (0.2–0.6) 0.3 (0.1–0.5) −18%
STI excluding HIV 1110.8 (500.0–1942.3) 693.0 (365.0–1170.4) −38% 50.8 (32.9–78.1) 46.9 (30.0–72.7) −8%
Protein-energy malnutrition 3123.1 (1223.1–5742.4) 622.7 (324.4–1094.6) −80% 73.7 (35.8–132.1) 53.5 (27.5–87.5) −28