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Table 3 Full-model odds ratio estimates for individual-level adjustment variables

From: The contribution of area-level walkability to geographic variation in physical activity: a spatial analysis of 95,837 participants from the 45 and Up Study living in Sydney, Australia

  Sufficient walking   Sufficient MVPA   High MVPA
  OR 95% CI   OR 95% CI   OR 95% CI
Sex p=0.0407   p<0.0001   p<0.0001
Male 1.00    1.00    1.00  
Female 0.99 (0.96-1.02)   1.20 (1.16-1.24)   1.21 (1.17-1.25)
Age p<0.0001   p<0.0001   p<0.0001
45-49 1.00    1.00    1.00  
50-54 1.13 (1.08-1.19)   1.13 (1.08-1.19)   1.09 (1.04-1.14)
55-59 1.25 (1.19-1.32)   1.13 (1.08-1.20)   1.11 (1.06-1.16)
60-64 1.27 (1.20-1.34)   1.16 (1.10-1.23)   1.15 (1.09-1.21)
65-69 1.20 (1.13-1.28)   1.08 (1.01-1.16)   1.09 (1.03-1.16)
70-74 1.18 (1.10-1.27)   1.06 (0.98-1.14)   1.04 (0.97-1.12)
75-79 1.06 (0.98-1.15)   0.90 (0.83-0.98)   0.90 (0.84-0.98)
80-84 0.93 (0.86-1.01)   0.71 (0.66-0.76)   0.74 (0.69-0.79)
≥85 0.73 (0.66-0.81)   0.53 (0.48-0.58)   0.55 (0.50-0.61)
Language spoken at home p<0.0001   p<0.0001   p<0.0001
English 1.00    1.00    1.00  
Other 0.70 (0.93-1.00)   0.70 (0.67-0.73)   0.72 (0.69-0.75)
Education level p<0.0001   p<0.0001   p<0.0001
University degree 1.00    1.00    1.00  
Trade, certificate, or diploma 0.92 (0.89-0.95)   0.90 (0.87-0.94)   1.01 (0.98-1.04)
Less than secondary school 0.88 (0.85-0.91)   0.76 (0.73-0.79)   0.87 (0.84-0.90)
Secondary school graduation 0.81 (0.77-0.86)   0.59 (0.56-0.62)   0.72 (0.68-0.76)
Relationship status p<0.0001   p<0.0001   p<0.0001
Partner 1.00    1.00    1.00  
No partner 1.18 (1.14-1.22)   1.04 (1.00-1.07)   1.02 (0.99-1.05)
Employment status p<0.0001   p<0.0001   p<0.0001
Full-time work 1.00    1.00    1.00  
Part-time work 1.10 (1.05-1.15)   1.25 (1.19-1.32)   1.27 (1.21-1.33)
Other work 1.46 (1.30-1.64)   1.81 (1.59-2.06)   1.93 (1.72-2.17)
Not working 1.36 (1.30-1.42)   1.67 (1.59-1.75)   1.73 (1.66-1.81)
Health insurance type p=0.0564   p<0.0001   p<0.0001
Private with extras 1.00    1.00    1.00  
Private without extras 1.00 (0.96-1.04)   0.97 (0.93-1.01)   0.99 (0.95-1.03)
Government health care card 1.10 (1.05-1.15)   0.96 (0.92-1.01)   0.95 (0.91-0.99)
None 1.05 (1.01-1.10)   0.91 (0.87-0.95)   0.92 (0.89-0.96)
Smoking status p<0.0001   p<0.0001   p<0.0001
Never smoked 1.00    1.00    1.00  
Past smoker 1.11 (1.07-1.14)   1.15 (1.12-1.19)   1.16 (1.13-1.20)
Current smoker 0.97 (0.92-1.03)   0.82 (0.78-0.87)   0.90 (0.86-0.96)
Body mass category p<0.0001   p<0.0001   p<0.0001
Underweight 1.18 (1.05-1.33)   0.81 (0.72-0.91)   0.87 (0.77-0.97)
Normal weight 1.00    1.00    1.00  
Overweight 0.87 (0.84-0.90)   0.86 (0.83-0.89)   0.89 (0.86-0.91)
Obese 0.66 (0.63-0.69)   0.62 (0.60-0.65)   0.66 (0.64-0.69)
Diagnosed chronic conditions p<0.0001   p<0.0001   p<0.0001
0 1.00    1.00    1.00  
1 1.04 (1.01-1.08)   1.00 (0.96-1.03)   1.00 (0.97-1.04)
2 1.07 (1.02-1.12)   1.00 (0.96-1.04)   1.00 (0.96-1.04)
3 or more 1.01 (0.94-1.08)   0.91 (0.85-0.97)   0.94 (0.88-1.00)
Treated chronic conditions p<0.0001   p<0.0001   p<0.0001
0 1.00    1.00    1.00  
1 1.06 (1.03-1.10)   1.05 (1.01-1.09)   1.00 (0.97-1.04)
2 1.04 (0.99-1.09)   0.97 (0.93-1.02)   0.95 (0.91-0.99)
3 or more 0.99 (0.93-1.06)   0.91 (0.86-0.97)   0.92 (0.87-0.98)
Functional limitation p<0.0001   p<0.0001   p<0.0001
None 1.00    1.00    1.00  
Minor 1.01 (0.97-1.04)   0.88 (0.84-0.91)   0.80 (0.77-0.83)
Moderate 0.79 (0.76-0.82)   0.62 (0.59-0.65)   0.58 (0.56-0.60)
Severe 0.42 (0.40-0.44)   0.32 (0.30-0.34)   0.33 (0.32-0.35)
Emotional problems p<0.0001   p<0.0001   p<0.0001
None 1.00    1.00    1.00  
Minor 0.90 (0.86-0.94)   1.04 (0.99-1.08)   1.01 (0.97-1.05)
Moderate 0.88 (0.83-0.93)   0.95 (0.90-1.00)   0.93 (0.88-0.98)
Severe 0.84 (0.80-0.89)   0.84 (0.80-0.89)   0.84 (0.80-0.89)
  1. MVPA Moderate and vigorous physical activity, OR Odds ratio, CI Confidence interval