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Table 5 Age-standardized death rates (ASDR) in Hong Kong (2005–2008) and Shanghai (2005–2007), compared to selected East Asian and Western Populations (2008)

From: The incomparability of cause of death statistics under “one country, two systems”: Shanghai versus Hong Kong

Cause Australia England & Wales France Germany Japan Korea Sweden Hong Kong Shanghai SDa Meanb Ratio (SD/M)
Septicemia (A40-A41) 3.0 1.9 3.0 4.0 2.8 2.5 3.5 6.3 0.02 1.7 3.0 0.6
Malignant neoplasms (C00-C97) 118.7 132.4 127.7 124.4 109.5 117.9 112.1 118.6 123.3 7.2 120.5 0.1
Diabetes mellitus (E10-E14) 10.5 4.6 7.5 10.5 4.3 17.8 8.7 4.7 15.1 4.8 9.3 0.5
Ischemic heart diseases (I20-I25) 56.8 63.8 25.2 63.6 21.8 22.4 65.9 36.0 40.2 18.7 44.0 0.4
Cerebrovascular diseases (I60-I69) 26.9 33.6 20.0 28.6 33.9 49.6 31.1 29.8 74.1 16.2 36.4 0.4
Pneumonia (J12-J18) 3.8 19.8 6.1 9.8 26.4 10.2 7.7 37.6 2.1 11.9 13.7 0.9
Chronic lower respiratory diseases (J40-J47) 15.8 22.4 6.0 12.9 4.7 13.4 12.0 17.5 38.8 10.1 15.9 0.6
Renal failure (N17-N19) 5.8 2.1 3.6 6.0 5.4 6.4 2.4 11.2 1.2 3.0 4.9 0.6
External causes (V01-Y89) 32.9 24.3 37.9 24.6 35.7 54.1 32.9 21.6 28.6 9.8 32.5 0.3
All causes 380.5 442.7 395.6 441.6 339.3 440.1 402.2 357.7 408.1 37.2 400.9 0.1
Life expectancy at birth (years) 81 80 81 80 83 80 81 82 81 -- -- --
  1. a: standard deviation for ASDR in nine listed populations.
  2. b: mean for ASDR in nine listed populations.
  3. Data Sources:
  4. ASDR in Australia, England & Wales, France, Germany, Japan, Korea, and Sweden was from WHO mortality database. Life expectancy was from the World Bank Data, http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.DYN.LE00.IN?name_desc=true. Accessed 30 Oct 2016.