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Table 3 Offering HIV screening through antenatal care, last pregnancy, Mesoamerican women, 15–49 years old

From: Health system strategies to increase HIV screening among pregnant women in Mesoamerica

   HIV test offered during antenatal care visit
Factor Categories N (weighted %); SE AOR 95% CI
Age group (years) 15–19 708 (44.90); 2.60 REF  
20–29 3194 (43.95); 2.13 1.04 0.82–1.33
30–39 1914 (43.87); 2.06 1.24 0.95–1.63
40–49 404 (34.09); 2.63 1.09 0.74–1.59
Educational level No education 466 (25.73); 2.30 REF  
Primary school or literacy course 2184 (35.45); 2.06 1.23 0.97–1.57
Secondary school 1607 (53.26); 2.58 2.22 1.67–2.95
High school 594 (51.91); 2.72 3.51 2.45–5.03
Technical school or university 328 (72.61); 4.07 2.53 1.69–3.79
Marital status Never married 939 (71.44); 2.10 REF  
Currently married or in a relationship 4833 (39.72); 1.88 0.65 0.49–0.86
Separated, divorced, or widowed 414 (44.56); 3.13 .71 0.47–1.08
Household economic level Lowest monthly expenditure tertile 1371 (32.14); 2.39 REF  
Middle monthly expenditure tertile 3186 (44.96); 2.00 1.47 1.22–1.77
Highest monthly expenditure tertile 1738 (60.54); 2.15 2.22 1.68–2.94
Has medical insurance No 5168 (61.19); 1.69 REF  
Yes 905 (20.02); 1.60 1.21 0.87–1.67
No. of antenatal care visitsa 1–3 549 (29.50); 2.20 REF  
4+ 5568 (46.02); 2.00 1.99 1.58–2.50
Attendant of antenatal care visitb Other 1283 (22.23); 1.81 REF  
Physician or nurse 5001 (50.04); 2.00 1.89 1.50–2.39
Type of health care settings where antenatal care visits were received Public hospital 813 (54.79); 3.10 REF  
Public health unit 2217 (62.43); 2.62 0.88 0.67–1.15
Other public health care setting 1386 (31.78); 2.26 0.80 0.62–1.03
Private hospital 134 (60.16); 5.88 1.11 0.60–2.06
Other private health care setting 445 (68.46); 2.77 1.60 1.11–2.32
Country Guatemala 289 (10.03); 1.11 REF  
Honduras 1403 (66.02); 2.03 5.69 3.28–9.87
Mexico 741 (17.70); 1.53 0.84 0.57–1.25
Nicaragua 1396 (79.69); 2.08 16.30 11.88–22.36
Panama 432 (43.37); 3.62 1.95 1.20–3.15
El Salvador 2034 (84.21); 1.00 17.91 12.76–25.14
  1. AOR Adjusted Odds Ratio, 95% CI 95% confidence interval, REF Reference group, SE Standard Error
  2. aNumber of ANC visits was categorized into “1–3” and “4+” based on countries’ guidelines for minimum numbers of visits required
  3. bThe “other” category included auxiliary nurse, laboratory technician, pharmacist, community health worker, and traditional midwives