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Table 4 HIV screening through antenatal care, last pregnancy, Mesoamerican women, 15–49 years old

From: Health system strategies to increase HIV screening among pregnant women in Mesoamerica

   HIV test performed during antenatal care visit
Factor Categories N (weighted %); SE AOR 95% CI
Age group (years) 15–19 677 (42.44); 2.59 REF  
20–29 3012 (41.41); 2.01 1.00 0.80–1.25
30–39 1788 (41.04); 1.94 1.22 0.95–1.57
40–49 374 (31.94); 2.57 1.06 0.74–1.52
Educational level No education 432 (22.48); 2.03 REF  
Primary school or literacy course 1979 (32.91); 1.94 1.51 1.16–1.95
Secondary school 1553 (51.30); 2.57 2.68 2.01–3.56
High school 564 (49.22); 2.68 4.07 2.82–5.86
Technical school or university 311 (68.40); 3.82 2.83 1.95–4.10
Marital status Never married 881 (67.62); 2.22 REF  
Currently married or in a relationship 4536 (37.30); 1.78 0.65 0.49–0.87
Separated, divorced, or widowed 398 (41.54); 3.08 0.66 0.44–0.99
Household economic level Lowest monthly expenditure tertile 1291 (30.54); 2.27 REF  
Middle monthly expenditure tertile 2971 (42.15); 1.94 1.37 1.14–1.63
Highest monthly expenditure tertile 1664 (56.97); 2.07 1.89 1.43–2.49
Has medical insurance No 4843 (57.37); 1.65 REF  
Yes 858 (18.95); 1.52 1.29 0.92–1.82
No. of antenatal care visits 1–3 500 (26.55); 2.06 REF  
4+ 5252 (43.49); 1.91 2.10 1.70–2.61
Attendant of antenatal care visit Other 1205 (20.85); 1.74 REF  
Physician or nurse 4712 (47.15); 1.90 2.02 1.57–2.59
Type of health care settings where antenatal care visits were received Public hospital 779 (52.78); 3.04 REF  
Public health unit 2121 (58.55); 2.53 0.77 0.59–0.99
Other public health care setting 1310 (29.95); 2.12 0.73 0.57–0.93
Private hospital 119 (55.04); 6.14 0.89 0.47–1.70
Other private health care setting 393 (63.12); 3.11 1.45 0.99–2.14
Country Guatemala 263 (9.00); 1.00 REF  
Honduras 1248 (59.79); 2.07 2.77 1.65–4.66
Mexico 688 (16.59); 1.47 0.86 0.56–1.31
Nicaragua 1309 (74.89); 2.11 14.20 10.27–19.63
Panama 424 (43.12); 6.66 2.35 1.44–3.83
El Salvador 1994 (82.41); 1.16 21.10 14.71–30.13
  1. AOR Adjusted Odds Ratio, 95% CI 95% Confidence Interval, REF Reference group, SE Standard Error