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Table 12 Association between mortality risk, demographic characteristics, typology of pension, socioeconomic characteristics, only old-age retired

From: Life expectancy inequalities in the elderly by socioeconomic status: evidence from Italy

  Coefficient Exp(coef) SE Pr(>|z|)
Female −0.6040*** 0.54662 0.10368 < 0.0001
Unmarried 0.1753 1.19158 0.14280 0.21965
Separated −0.2369 0.78907 0.31744 0.45550
Divorced 0.4284 1.53479 0.33414 0.19981
Widowed 0.14497 1.15601 0.12955 0.26311
North-East 0.1237 1.13168 0.12075 0.30563
North-West 0.1046 1.11024 0.11561 0.36570
South & Islands 0.0224 1.02264 0.11301 0.84295
Self-employed −0.2434** 0.78396 0.11567 0.03536
Farmer −0.2273* 0.79665 0.13808 0.09967
Edu. lower secondary 0.1764 0.83825 0.12858 0.17001
Edu. upper secondary or more 0.1471 1.15852 0.11563 0.20317
Medium Ab. To make ends meet −0.2008** 0.81807 0.09149 0.02817
High Ab. To make ends meet −0.8598*** 0.42327 0.23242 0.00022
  1. Aggregated former occupational groups. Model 4
  2. Reference categories are: “Male” for sex, “Married” for marital status, “Center” for geographical area of residence and “Employee (blue+white collar)” for former occupational status, “Primary or none” for education level, “low” for household financial situation. Significance legend: (***) = 99%; (**) = 95%; (*) = 90%. Source: elaborations on AD-SILC data