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Table 4 Association between mortality risk, demographic characteristics, typology of pension, and socioeconomic characteristics

From: Life expectancy inequalities in the elderly by socioeconomic status: evidence from Italy

  Coefficient Exp(coef) S.E. Pr(>|z|)
Female − 0.5652 *** 0.5683 0.0805 < 0.0001
Unmarried 0.1422 1.1529 0.1169 0.22358
Separated −0.2755 0.7592 0.2662 0.30068
Divorced 0.4254 1.5302 0.2715 0.11712
Widowed 0.0830 1.0865 0.0954 0.38447
North-East 0.2256 ** 1.2531 0.0974 0.02061
North-West 0.1850 * 1.2032 0.0948 0.05109
South & Islands 0.0055 1.0055 0.0863 0.94919
White-collar employee 0.1558 1.1686 0.1067 0.14425
Self-employed craftsman −0.1575 0.8542 0.1224 0.19819
Self-employed shopkeeper −0.4083*** 0.6648 0.1408 0.00374
Farmer −0.1618* 0.8506 0.0973 0.09646
Disability pension 0.3862*** 1.47132 0.10647 < 0.0001
Social disability pension 1.3323*** 3.78957 0.13104 < 0.0001
Social pension 0.1136 1.12025 0.10053 0.25869
Edu. Lower secondary −0.22983** 0.79467 0.10740 0.03236
Edu. Upper secondary or more 0.07138 1.07399 0.10182 0.48325
Medium ab. to make ends meet −0.18922*** 0.82760 0.07080 0.00753
High ab. to make ends meet −0.60094*** 0.54830 0.17771 0.00072
  1. Reference categories are: “Male” for sex, “Married” for marital status, “Center” for geographical area of residence and “Blue-collar employee” for former occupational status, “Old-age pension” for type of pension, “Primary or none” for education level, “Low” for ability to make ends meet. Significance legend: (***) = 99%; (**) = 95%; (*) = 90%. Likelihood Ratio Test between models 2 and 3 = 260.894 on 4 degree of freedom, p-value < 0.005. Source: elaborations on AD-SILC data