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Table 5 Association between mortality risk, demographic characteristics, typology of pension, and socioeconomic characteristics

From: Life expectancy inequalities in the elderly by socioeconomic status: evidence from Italy

  Coefficient Exp(coef) S.E. Pr(>|z|)
Female −0.5764*** 0.56190 0.08019 < 0.0001
Unmarried 0.1407 1.15112 0.11686 0.22847
Separated −0.2697 0.76359 0.26621 0.31098
Divorced 0.4491* 1.56684 0.27071 0.09715
Widowed 0.0799 1.08317 0.09542 0.40245
North-East 0.2201** 1.24617 0.09740 0.02385
North-West 0.1871** 1.20568 0.09480 0.04849
South & Islands 0.0031 1.00307 0.08629 0.97166
Self-employed −0.3011*** 0.73999 0.09546 0.00161
Farmer −0.1809* 0.83454 0.09605 0.05968
Disability pension 0.3862*** 1.47132 0.10647 < 0.0001
Social disability pension 1.3323*** 3.78957 0.13104 < 0.0001
Social pension 0.1136 1.12025 0.10053 0.25869
Edu. Lower secondary −0.22983** 0.79467 0.10740 0.03236
Edu. Upper secondary or more 0.07138 1.07399 0.10182 0.48325
Medium ab. to make ends meet −0.18922*** 0.82760 0.07080 0.00753
High ab. to make ends meet −0.60094*** 0.54830 0.17771 0.00072
  1. Aggregated former occupational groups. Model 4
  2. Reference categories are: “Male” for sex, “Married” for marital status, “Center” for geographical area of residence and “Employee (blue+white collar)” for former occupational status, “Old-age pension” for type of pension, “Primary or none” for education level, “low” for household financial situation. Significance legend: (***) = 99%; (**) = 95%; (*) = 90%. Likelihood Ratio Test between models 4 and 3 = 0.21 on 2 degrees of freedom, p-value not significant. Source: elaborations on AD-SILC data