Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 3 Predictors for X59-coded deaths

From: Injury death certificates without specification of the circumstances leading to the fatal injury – the Norwegian Cause of Death Registry 2005–2014

Explanatory variable All external cause (%) N = 24,963 X59 (%) N = 6440 Not X59 (%) N = 18,523 Single predictor models Multiple predictor model
OR (95% CI) LR stat* P value OR (95% CI) LR stat* P value
Gender       1537 <  0.001    4.9 0.03
 Male 14,765 (59.1) 2470 (38.4) 12,295 (66.4) 1 (ref.)     1 (ref.)    
 Female 10,198 (40.9) 3970 (61.6) 6228 (33.6) 3.17 (2.99–3.37)    1.14 (1.01–1.27)   
Age       10,182 <  0.001    77.2 <  0.001
 0–49 yrs 8219 (32.9) 64 (1.0) 8155 (44.0) 0.03 (0.02–0.03)    0.55 (0.37–0.82)   
 50–59 yrs 2677 (10.7) 69 (1.1) 2608 (14.1) 1 (ref.)     1 (ref.)    
 60–69 yrs 2100 (8.4) 143 (2.2) 1957 (10.6) 2.76 (2.07–3.72)    1.44 (0.99–2.11)   
 70–79 yrs 2281 (9.1) 653 (10.1) 1628 (8.8) 15.2 (11.8–19.7)    1.89 (1.34–2.69)   
 80–89 yrs 5858 (23.5) 3112 (48.3) 2746 (14.8) 42.8 (33.8–55.2)    2.00 (1.44–2.80)   
 90+ yrs 3828 (15.3) 2399 (37.7) 1429 (7.7) 63.5 (49.9–82.0)    1.64 (1.17–2.32)   
Place of death       9331 <  0.001    182 <  0.001
 At home 5889 (23.6) 312 (4.8) 5577 (30.1) 1 (ref.)     1 (ref.)    
 Hospital 7222 (28.9) 2455 (38.1) 4767 (25.7) 9.21 (8.15–10.4)    0.63 (0.51–0.78)   
 Nursing home 5088 (20.4) 3538 (54.9) 1550 (8.4) 40.8 (35.9–46.5)    1.22 (0.97–1.52)   
 Other known 5020 (20.1) 44 (0.7) 4976 (26.9) 0.16 (0.11–0.22)    0.21 (0.14–0.31)   
 Unknown 1744 (7.0) 91 (1.4) 1653 (8.9) 0.98 (0.77–1.25)    0.46 (0.32–0.66)   
Autopsy       6792 <  0.001    51.9 <  0.001
 No autopsy 14,534 (58.2) 6189 (96.1) 8345 (45.1) 1 (ref.)     1 (ref.)    
 Forensic 9695 (38.8) 104 (1.6) 9591 (51.8) 0.02 (0.01–0.02)    0.43 (0.33–0.57)   
 Medical 734 (2.9) 147 (2.3) 587 (3.2) 0.39 (0.28–0.41)    0.53 (0.40–0.72)   
Nature of injury       14,759 <  0.001    3787 <  0.001
 Head/neck 4244 (17.0) 392 (6.1) 3852 (20.8) 1 (ref.)     1 (ref.)    
 Thorax 1055 (4.2) 134 (2.1) 921 (5.0) 1.43 (1.16–1.76)    1.65 (1.26–2.17)   
 Abdomen/pelvis 665 (2.7) 341 (5.3) 324 (1.7) 10.3 (8.61–12.4)    4.05 (3.17–5.19)   
 Hip/thigh 6495 (26.0) 5103 (79.2) 1392 (7.5) 36.0 (32.0–40.7)    12.1 (10.4–14.2)   
 Other mechanical injury 2427 (9.7) 436 (6.8) 1991 (10.7) 2.15 (1.86–2.49)    1.72 (1.42–2.09)   
 Poisoning 5010 (20.1) 3 (0.05) 5007 (27.0) 0.006 (0.001–0.02)    0.009 (0.002–0.02)   
 Suffocation/drowning 4132 (16.6) 6 (0.1) 4126 (22.3) 0.01 (0.006–0.03)    0.02 (0.006–0.03)   
 Other/sequelae 935 (3.7) 25 (0.4) 910 (4.9) 0.27 (0.18–0.40)    0.07 (0.04–0.10)   
Scene of injury       9224 <  0.001    3184 <  0.001
 Unknown 10,081 (40.4) 5762 (89.5) 4319 (23.3) 1 (ref.)     1 (ref.)    
 Known 14,882 (59.6) 678 (10.5) 14,204 (76.7) 0.04 (0.03–0.04)    0.05 (0.04–0.05)   
Calendar year of death       0.008 0.93    3.1 0.07
 2005–2009 12,265 (49.1) 3161 (49.1) 9104 (49.1) 1 (ref.)     1 (ref.)    
 2010–2014 12,698 (50.9) 3279 (50.9) 9419 (50.9) 1.00 (0.95–1.06)    0.91 (0.83–1.01)   
  1. Logistic regression analysis, data from the Norwegian Cause of Death Registry, 2005–2014
  2. *LR stat: Likelihood ratio statistic (−2 logL)