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Table 5 Average annual percentage changes and joinpoint analysis by country and sex by recent available year in females

From: Examining trends in cardiovascular disease mortality across Europe: how does the introduction of a new European Standard Population affect the description of the relative burden of cardiovascular disease?

Country Average annual percentage change (AAPC) Joinpoint annual percentage change (APC) and end year for each segment in the best fitting model
Females   Segment 1 Segment 2 Segment 3 Segment 4 Segment 5
Country
 Albania ESP 76 0.1 (− 1.2, 1.4) 1987 − 4.9 1993 2.2^       
ESP 13 0.2 (−1.1, 1.6)           
 Armenia ESP 76 − 0.3 (− 1, 0.3) 1981 2.2^ 1993 − 4.4^ 2000 12.9^ 2003 − 4.3^   
ESP 13 − 0.1 (− 0.8, 0.5) 1981 2.2^ 1993 − 4.6^ 2000 15.2^ 2003 − 4.3^   
 Austria ESP 76 − 1.9^ (− 2.4, − 1.4) 1965 1.4 1983 − 3.2^       
ESP 13 − 1.4^ (− 1.9, − 0.9) 1965 2.0^ 1984 − 3.0^       
 Azerbaijan ESP 76 0.4^ (0.1, 0.7)           
ESP 13 0.5^ (0.1, 0.9)           
 Belarus ESP 76 − 0.5 (− 1, 0.1) 1981 3.9 1985 − 3.8 1992 7.1 1996 − 2.1^   
ESP 13 − 0.7^ (− 1.2, − 0.2) 1981 4.7 1985 − 4.8^ 1992 7.2 1996 − 2.2^   
 Belgium ESP 76 − 2.5^ (− 2.7, − 2.3) 1965 7.8^ 1969 − 2.6^ 2004 − 4.3^     
ESP 13 − 2.3^ (− 2.5, − 2.1) 1965 7.7^ 1969 − 2.4^ 2004 − 4.3^     
 Bosnia and Herzegovina ESP 76 − 0.8 (− 1.7, 0.1) 1985 4.6 1989 − 1.3^       
ESP 13 − 0.4 (− 1.3, 0.5) 1985 5 1989 − 0.9^       
 Bulgaria ESP 76 0.1 (− 0.2, 0.4) 1965 22.6^ 1969 0.5^ 1998 − 2.1^     
ESP 13 0.2 (− 0.1, 0.5) 1965 22.6^ 1969 0.6^ 1998 − 2.0^     
 Croatia ESP 76 − 2.0^ (− 2.4, − 1.6) 1985 − 2.0^ 1995 5.7 1998 − 4.0^     
ESP 13 − 1.7^ (− 2.1, − 1.3) 1985 − 1.9^ 1995 6 1998 − 3.6^     
 Cyprus ESP 76 − 2.9^ (− 4.8, −  0.8)           
ESP 13 − 2.2^ (− 4.4, 0)           
 Czech Republic ESP 76 − 2.8^ (− 2.9, − 2.6) 1986 − 2.3^ 2003 − 3.8^       
ESP 13 − 2.5^ (− 2.7, − 2.3) 1986 − 2.0^ 2003 − 3.6^       
 Denmark ESP 76 − 2.3^ (− 2.6, − 2.1) 1965 3.2^ 1970 − 1.7^ 1993 − 3.4^ 2003 − 5.6^   
ESP 13 − 2.2^ (− 2.5, − 2) 1965 3.2^ 1970 − 1.6^ 1993 − 3.3^ 2003 − 5.4^   
 Estonia ESP 76 − 2.7^ (− 3, − 2.4) 1981 1.1 1985 − 2.6^ 1991 1.1 1994 − 3.8^   
ESP 13 − 2.5^ (− 2.8, − 2.3) 1981 1.2 1985 − 2.3^ 2002 − 3.9^     
 Finland ESP 76 − 2.9^ (− 3, − 2.7) 1965 − 3.1 1967 11.6^ 1970 − 4.7^ 1977 − 2.2^ 2013 − 3.5^
ESP 13 − 2.9^ (− 3, − 2.7) 1965 − 3.3 1967 11.5^ 1970 − 4.6^ 1977 − 2.0^ 2013 − 3.3^
 France ESP 76 − 2.6^ (− 2.8, − 2.3) 1965 14.9^ 1969 − 2.3^ 1986 − 5.8 1990 − 2.0^ 2011 − 4.7^
ESP 13 − 2.4^ (− 2.7, − 2.1) 1965 15.0^ 1969 − 2.0^ 1986 − 5.8 1990 − 1.9^ 2011 − 4.8^
 Georgia ESP 76 − 2.2^ (− 3, − 1.5) 1981 − 0.5 2004 − 7.9^       
ESP 13 − 2.2^ (− 3, − 1.4) 1981 − 0.6 2004 − 7.8^       
 Germany ESP 76 − 3.0^ (− 3.2, − 2.9) 1990 − 3.0^ 2000 − 0.7 2003 − 5.3^ 2006 −  3.7^ 2013 − 0.4
ESP 13 − 2.8^ (− 3, − 2.6) 1990 − 2.8^ 2000 − 0.1 2003 − 5.3^ 2006 − 3.5^ 2013 − 0.3
 Greece ESP 76 − 0.5^ (− 0.9, − 0.2) 1965 26.7^ 1968 1.0^ 1987 − 0.9^ 2004 − 5.4^   
ESP 13 − 0.2 (− 0.6, 0.1) 1965 26.1^ 1968 1.4^ 1986 − 0.5^ 2004 − 5.5^   
 Hungary ESP 76 − 1.2^ (− 1.4, − 0.9) 1965 9.3^ 1970 − 0.7^ 1993 − 2.5^     
ESP 13 − 1.1^ (− 1.3, − 0.9) 1965 9.1^ 1970 − 0.8^ 1996 − 2.4^     
 Iceland ESP 76 − 2.7^ (− 3, − 2.4) 1965 10.4^ 1969 − 1.1 1978 − 3.0^ 1998 − 5.0^   
ESP 13 − 2.5^ (− 2.8, − 2.2) 1965 14.0^ 1968 0 1976 − 2.7^ 1998 − 4.7^   
 Ireland ESP 76 − 2.7^ (− 3, − 2.4) 1965 10.4^ 1969 − 1.1 1978 − 3.0^ 1998 − 5.0^   
ESP 13 − 2.5^ (− 2.8, − 2.2) 1965 14.0^ 1968 0 1976 − 2.7^ 1998 − 4.7^   
 Israel ESP 76 − 4.5^ (− 4.7, − 4.2) 1975 − 3.2^ 1999 − 13.6 2013 − 5.2     
ESP 13 − 4.2^ (− 4.4, − 3.9) 1975 − 2.9^ 1995 − 8.0^ 1999 − 4.4^     
 Italy ESP 76 − 2.7^ (− 2.9, − 2.5) 1965 12.7^ 1968 − 0.8 1976 − 3.1^     
ESP 13 − 2.4^ (− 2.7, − 2.2) 1965 12.4^ 1968 − 0.4 1976 − 2.9^     
 Kazakhstan ESP 76 0.2 (− 0.6, 1.1) 1981 0.4 1991 7.7 1994 0.3 2007 − 11.3^ 2012 − 25.3^
ESP 13 0.1 (− 0.8, 1) 1981 0.7 1991 6.3 1994 0.5 2007 − 11.9^ 2012 − 29.7^
 Kyrgyzstan ESP 76 1.0^ (0.7, 1.2) 1981 0.1 1992 6.5 1995 − 4 1998 4.8 2013 − 0.5
ESP 13 1.2^ (0.9, 1.4)           
 Latvia ESP 76 − 1.6^ (− 1.9, − 1.4) 1980 − 1.2^ 2003 − 3.7^       
ESP 13 − 1.7^ (− 1.9, − 1.5) 1980 − 1.3^ 2003 − 3.5^       
 Lithuania ESP 76 − 1.2^ (− 1.4, − 1) 1981 − 0.2 1995 − 1.8^       
ESP 13 − 1.1 (− 1.3, − 0.9) 1981 1.6 1985 − 0.9^ 2006 − 3.2^     
 Luxembourg ESP 76 − 2.7^ (− 3, − 2.3) 1965 7.4^ 1971 − 1.2^ 1984 − 4.4^ 2000 3.2 2013 − 5.6^
ESP 13 − 2.4^ (− 2.8, − 2.1) 1965 18.4^ 1968 0 1983 − 4.3^ 2000 3.4 2013 − 5.3^
 Malta ESP 76 − 3.4^ (− 3.9, − 2.8) 1965 5.3^ 1981 − 21.9^ 1984 − 3.7^     
ESP 13 − 3.2^ (− 3.8, − 2.6) 1965 6.0^ 1981 − 23.6^ 1984 − 3.4^     
 Montenegro ESP 76 − 0.5 (− 1.9, 0.9)           
ESP 13 − 0.2 (− 1.6, 1.2)           
 Netherlands ESP 76 − 2.3^ (− 2.5, − 2) 1965 − 5.6 1967 16.6^ 1970 − 3.1^ 1980 − 1.9^ 2013 − 4.1^
ESP 13 − 2.2^ (− 2.4, − 1.9) 1965 − 5.8 1967 16.6^ 1970 − 3.1^ 1980 − 1.9^ 2013 − 3.9^
 Norway ESP 76 − 2.2^ (− 2.5, − 1.9) 1965 11.5^ 1970 − 2.0^ 1999 − 4.5^     
ESP 13 − 2.0^ (− 2.3, − 1.7) 1965 − 1 1967 16.7^ 1970 − 1.9^ 1999 − 4.2^   
 Poland ESP 76 − 1.1^ (− 1.4, − 0.7) 1965 4.9^ 1970 0.9^ 1991 − 3.2^     
ESP 13 − 0.9^ (− 1.2, − 0.5) 1965 5.2^ 1970 1.0^ 1991 − 2.9^     
 Portugal ESP 76 − 2.3^ (− 2.9, − 1.7) 1965 0.1 1969 33.6^ 1972 − 2.2^ 1996 − 4.9^   
ESP 13 − 2.0^ (− 2.6, − 1.4) 1965 0.5 1969 34.1^ 1972 − 1.7^ 1995 − 4.6^   
 Republic of Moldova ESP 76 − 0.1 (− 0.7, 0.5) 1981 1 1985 − 6.4^ 1992 9.9^ 1996 1 2013 − 3.2^
ESP 13 − 0.1 (− 0.7, 0.5) 1981 1.6 1985 − 7.6^ 1992 10.8^ 1996 1.6 2013 − 3.1^
 Romania ESP 76 − 0.9^ (− 1.1, − 0.6) 1969 0.7^ 1985 − 1.0^ 2003 − 3.7^     
ESP 13 − 0.8^ (− 1, − 0.5) 1969 1.1^ 1984 − 1.0^ 2003 − 3.3^     
 Russian Federation ESP 76 − 0.2 (− 0.5, 0.1) 1980 − 1.0^ 1991 5.8 1994 − 4.1 1997 2.4^ 2011 − 4.0^
ESP 13 − 0.3^ (− 0.6, 0) 1980 − 0.5 1991 0.6^ 2005 − 4.6^     
 San Marino ESP 76 0.9 (− 19.6,26.7)           
ESP 13 0.9 (− 19.6, 26.7)           
 Serbia ESP 76 − 2.7^ (− 3, − 2.5)           
ESP 13 − 2.5^ (− 2.7, − 2.2)           
 Slovakia ESP 76 − 2.7^ (− 3, − 2.5)           
ESP 13 − 2.5^ (− 2.7, − 2.2)           
 Slovenia ESP 76 − 3.4^ (− 3.6, − 3.2)           
ESP 13 − 3.2^ (− 3.4, − 2.9)           
 Spain ESP 76 − 3.0^ (− 3.3, −  2.7) 1965 24.2^ 1969 − 2.7^ 1990 − 3.9^     
ESP 13 − 2.7^ (− 3.1, − 2.4) 1965 24.7^ 1969 − 2.3^ 1990 − 3.8^     
 Sweden ESP 76 − 2.2^ (− 2.4, − 2) 1965 5.3^ 1970 − 1.7^ 1985 − 2.8^     
ESP 13 − 2.1^ (− 2.2, − 1.9) 1965 5.3^ 1970 − 1.6^ 1985 − 2.6^     
 Switzerland ESP 76 − 2.7^ (− 2.9, − 2.5) 1965 − 4.1 1967 10.6^ 1970 − 3.0^     
ESP 13 − 2.5^ (− 2.7, − 2.3) 1965 − 3.7 1967 11.0^ 1970 − 2.8^     
 Tajikistan ESP 76 − 2.7^ (− 2.9, − 2.5) 1965 − 4.1 1967 10.6^ 1970 − 3.0^     
ESP 13 − 2.5^ (− 2.7, − 2.3) 1965 − 3.7 1967 11.0^ 1970 − 2.8^     
 TFYR Macedonia ESP 76 − 2.7^ (− 2.9, − 2.5) 1965 − 4.1 1967 10.6^ 1970 − 3.0^     
ESP 13 − 2.5^ (− 2.7, − 2.3) 1965 − 3.7 1967 11.0^ 1970 − 2.8^     
 Turkey ESP 76 0.1 (− 4.8, 5.2)           
ESP 13 0.5 (− 4.6, 6)           
 Turkmenistan ESP 76 1.7 (− 0.2, 3.7) 1981 0.5 1989 15.3 1992 − 6.1^     
ESP 13 1.8 (− 0.3, 3.8) 1981 0.5 1989 15.9 1992 − 6.4^     
 The UK ESP 76 – 2.7^ (− 3, − 2.4) 1965 13.2^ 1969 − 2.6^ 2001 − 5.5^     
ESP 13 – 2.5^ (− 2.8, − 2.3) 1965 13.1^ 1969 − 2.5^ 2002 − 5.4^     
 Ukraine ESP 76 0.1 (− 0.2, 0.4) 1981 1.6 1985 − 4.3^ 1991 8.1 1994 0.4 2012 − 2.7^
ESP 13 0.1 (− 0.2, 0.4) 1981 − 0.4 1988 − 8.1 1991 9.1^ 1994 0.5 2012 − 2.4^
 Uzbekistan ESP 76 1.5^ (0.9, 2) 1981 0.5 1990 7.4^ 1994 − 0.7^    
ESP 13 1.4^ (0.9, 2) 1981 0.6 1990 7.5^ 1994 − 0.9^    
  1. AAPC refers to the average annual percentage change over the entire period of available data, APC refers to annual percentage change over each identified joinpoint segment
  2. ^Values are significantly different to zero